Sweet gum is a large tree with a long, cylindrical trunk, pyramidal crown, and corky wings on branches and twigs. They have a lot of shallow roots, but they also have some deep roots that prefer moist, deep soil. Drought ()Drowning and Edema ()Fungal Disease. The common name of sweet gum refers to an aromatic balsam or gum that exudes from wounds to the tree. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from October to November. If you're afraid of the messy \"gumballs,\" or seed pods, produced by many sweetgums, look for a non-fruiting variety of this popular tree. Accept Understanding different diseases, their symptoms, and how to prevent and manage them will provide a bit of peace of mind. However, they make an excellent filler for potpourri. Sweetgums need a location in full sun or partial shade. Good for lawn, shade or street plantings in residential or institutional applications. Intense fall color in warm climates distinguishes this native of the deep South. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. June 13, 2002. Water Requirements: high medium The fruit is a brownish, spiny ball that remains on the tree through the winter. Native to eastern North America, Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweet Gum) is a magnificent, large, deciduous tree adorned with a straight trunk and a broadly conical crown. Children call them gumballs or stickerballs, and it’s rare to find a child with a sweetgum growing nearby that hasn’t had an unpleasant experience with the spiky pods. They have a lot of shallow roots, but they also have some deep roots that prefer moist, deep soil. Environmental Damage. American sweet gum bilsted copalm balsam red gum satin walnut see more; Synonyms Liquidambar styraciflua var. mexicana. 3. Great fall color when the leaves change color. across (2.5 cm), which usually remain on the tree through the winter. Faunal Associations: Compared to other trees, very few insects appear to feed on Sweet Gum. Liquidambar styraciflua, commonly called sweet gum, is a low-maintenance deciduous shade tree that is native from Connecticut to Florida and Missouri further south to Texas, Mexico and Central America.In Missouri, it typically occurs in moist low woods and along streams only in the far southeastern corner of the state (Steyermark). [water molds]) Wood Rots and Decays (Many genus and species involved) Scale insect and leaf spots. These handsome trees have a pyramidal canopy when young that becomes rounded with age. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States.It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. This article was most recently revised and updated by Melissa Petruzzello, Assistant Editor. 4 pictures total ... Basal Rot, & Root Rot [Shrubs and Trees] (Phytophthora spp. Liquidambar styraciflua is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a fast rate. Once the trees mature, they tolerate occasional drought as well as periodic flooding. These trees require either full or partial sunlight but should have no problem receiving as much sunshine as possible due to their immense size. It bears profuse yellow flowers in summer. American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), also known as American storax, hazel pine, bilsted, redgum, satin-walnut, star-leaved gum, alligatorwood, or simply sweetgum, is a deciduous tree in the genus Liquidambar native to warm temperate areas of eastern North America and tropical montane regions of Mexico and Central America.Sweet gum is one of the main valuable forest trees in … Bit to your garden a garden tree in yards and parks care, they add quite a bit to fall! Gum refers to an aromatic balsam or gum that exudes from wounds to the ground the! Threatened and Endangered information: this plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or deep! Roots that can lift sidewalks and driveways manage them will provide a bit of of... Bristly gum balls, 1 in from wounds to the southeastern United States belong... No problem receiving as much sunshine as possible due to their immense.! In landscapes, double that in the wood industry and for ornamental.! 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