Moral relativism can be excluded from cultural relativism. It creates a system that is Darwinian in practicality, where only the strongest can survive. An African-American teen is walking down an alley wearing a hoodie and the hood is up. Cultures change. Each person is separate in such a society. A person’s actions should be looked at with all things taken into account, especially the religion and culture t hat they grew up in. Humanity is constantly evolving, developing, and adapting. 7. It eliminates one bias for another. With cultural relativism, these traditions can stay in place. 6. The weakness of cultural relativism is its propensity towards quietism which may compromise action to protect human rights. Excusable Actions Determining what is deemed good and what is bad is an impossible thing. When implemented successfully, each person would get to focus on their strengths instead of their weaknesses. 9. Cultural Relativism: Cultural relativism argues that ethics is not grounded in universal or objective bases, but is rather subject to variation across cultures. By consulting with the moral code of the culture, one question must be asked: does the action conform to the cultural moral code? Cultural relativism is the practice of assessing a culture by its own standards rather than viewing it through the lens of one’s own culture. Instead of purchasing something, you could steal it if you see stealing as “right” to do. It is true that we do not have external, objective standards and measures of comparison, presupposed by opponents of the incommensurability thesis. People change. That is the most significant disadvantage of this concept. Individuals and groups will work to acquire the same cultural patterns, ideas, and attitudes of the majority in their new community. His hands are jammed into his pockets and there is a bulge in one of them. Many people strive to do good every day. When one culture sees a tradition practiced by another as immoral, however, it becomes difficult for both cultures to maintain a dialogue. To determine if a decision would be “right” or “wrong,” cultural relativism allows individuals to consult with the standards of their society or culture. It should be noted that these are not reasons to avoid diversity, … Supporters strongly believe that your moral codes and beliefs of right and wrong are influenced completely by the culture in which you are raised. 6. Although other cultures may not setup such a restriction, and others might say such a restriction isn’t a true form of cultural relativism, people in such a system can do what makes the most sense for them. Cultural relativism is a good idea in concept. Many times, culturally traditional things begin to shift and change in order to appease the world view of said culture. 4. Cultural relativism is widely accepted in modern anthropology. The idea of cultural relativism is that the terms right and wrong are completely dictated by the culture that they are being used in. First of all, I think cultural relativism is self-contradictory. A Respect For Other Cultures We can become aggressive when a driver cuts you off while driving and puts your family at risk. 8. There are additional cultural relativism advantages and disadvantages to consider when looking at this theory. We can create personal moral codes based on societal standards with ease. It proposes that all cultures have their own merits and demerits, and hence are of equal value such that there is no concept of cultural superiority. This theory is most debated through the religious world because religious sects believe that their set of morals is the only correct ones. The term ethnocentrism was introduced by William Sumner in 1906, it comes from the Greek word, “ethno” meaning or referring to a nation, a people or cultural grouping, and the Latin word “centre” meaning center. 3. The applicability of cultural relativism when it was founded has become divergent to its use today. Just because cultures differ, that does not mean there are no moral values and norms, like murder or child abuse. The disadvantages are that it is a theory that is based on the idea that humans ultimately choose the right thing to do. We cannot create diversity when the emphasis of a society is individualistic gain that can come at the expense of others. 1. One of the biggest examples of cultural relativism is the treatment of women in Middle Eastern countries, compared to the treatment of women in Western Countries. Some Actions Are Not Excusable Here are some of the key points to consider. The strength of cultural relativism is that it promotes greater diversity and understanding of ethical differences and reduces the likelihood of an imperialist imposition of values. However, cons include abandoning any judgment, and eliminating individual opinions and morals. Perceptions become real. 7. It is a system which promotes cooperation. Understanding cultural relativism will help to alleviate much of this unnecessary debate. As Rachels suggests the idea that infants need to be protected in order for any culture to thrive, leads to a moral code that values infants. 8. Each person is naturally given the right to pursue life through their own specific perspective and then learn from their experiences in a way that works best for them. Click to see full answer. Disadvantages of Cultural Relativism 1. Any theory becomes the truth if cultural relativism is implemented for society. The decision to act becomes a righteous one because of the individual truth that the culture allowed through the bias it perpetrates. We can be forgetful. They pursue different definitions of success. Things such as extreme violence, crimes against children, domestic abuse, and many other things are overlooked and passed off as “culturally acceptable”, when in reality, they are not. Relativism has three basic flaws; that the Cultural Differences Argument exaggerates the depth of cultural disagreements, that it asserts people's values do not evolve over time, and that it ignores the limits and requirements that must be upheld for tolerance to exist. Many cultures use the theory as an excuse of appalling actions. Secondly, what are cultural disadvantages? This inclusion is reflected in the laws and customs of the culture. 1. The weakness of cultural relativism is its propensity towards quietism which may compromise action to protect human rights. 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