More likely, this was Tin or a Tin/Lead alloy foil, added to reduce MUZZLE FLASH. The bolt carrier, continuing forward, would lock the action by forcing a locking piece into cutouts located in the sides of the receiver. Nothing that could dignify the term “road” actually existed. Japanese artillery regiments were equipped with 75mm field guns, 105mm field howitzers and 150mm heavy howitzers. Total production: Approximately 1200, Richard Wray Machine Gun Auction Followup, The Banzai group of Japanese weapon collectors has been around for a long time – they began publishing their newsletter in 1982 (actually, that makes the newsletter older than I am, to some peoples’ chagrin). The first such gun, the Mauser 1918 Mauser T-Gewehr, was itself simply a scaled up Model 98 rifle. In the middle part of the 1930’s, it became apparent to nearly all observers that another war was on the horizon. The Japanese 47mm Type 1 (Model-1941) Anti-Tank Gun was produced by Osaka Army Arsenal. Chambered for a newly developed 13mm round, the T-Gewehr was a capable and effective battlefield rifle, and further development of this line of weapons was a reasonable solution at the time. Just wondering why the Type 97 is never compared to the Finnish Lahti L-39 anti tank rifle. I believe I read somewhere that these also made effective anti-boat weapons. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Fantastic article. Good points, Chris, especially about the Japanese High Command’s assumptions concerning a non-existent road over the Owen Stanley Range. Recalling the lessons of the First World War, nations around the world each began their own program to design and perfect a man-portable anti-tank weapon. When fully assembled with its armor shield and carrying handles, the gun weighed in at an astonishing 150 pounds. It goes quite a bit into depth. A modified full-auto version was developed as an aircraft gun for the Army. This weapon was a very large HEAT warhead on a five-foot stick. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. I agree with your suggestion that the common belief that it could be fired automatically may have arisen because of a sear failure when a worn or faulty gun was tried in the US (I heard this story a long time ago). Overall, though its original role was eclipsed, the Anti-tank Rifle in WW2 was certainly not without use – though some countries failed to realize this. I trimmed the barrel off an Airfix MG just ahead of the receiver and added a new longer barrel of stiff steel wire and a bipod from florists wire. Type Ra 37 mm AT … This, coupled with the forward movement of the barreled action would’ve reduced the felt recoil a fair amount. At its core, the Type 1 was of a highly conventional design layout utilizing a barrel attached to a breech system, a two-wheeled carriage and an integrated shield protection plate. Enemy machine guns and heavy weapons are also on the priority list since they cannot be fired in ad-hoc positions safely. The first anti-tank rifle was the british Godsal. This one seems a bit big and clunky, but I love how it’s put together. Driven forward by spring pressure, the bolt would strip a round from the magazine, feeding it into the chamber. Beats me what it says though, most of it is Kanji. Length, firing position: 82.5 in (2096 mm) Magazine capacity: Seven rounds © 2020 Forgotten Weapons.Site developed by Cardinal Acres Web Development. I think that the first version of the aircraft gun may have been referred to as the Type 97 initially. The Type 98 AA/AT gun used more powerful ammo with a bigger cartridge case (longer at 142mm and wider too). As the projectile traveled down the barrel at 2,640 feet per second, some of the propellant gas was diverted into a regulated gas tube assembly located underneath the barrel.  The gas acted directly against two integral gas pistons on the bolt carrier, forcing the bolt assembly to the rear and unlocking the gun’s action.  The fired case was then extracted by the bolt and thrown out the bottom of the gun by an ejector mounted in the top of the receiver housing.  Once fully to the rear, the sear would again catch on the bolt carrier, locking the action open until the trigger was pulled once more.  Simultaneous to this internal action, the whole barreled action would cycle both forward and to the rear, its movement being slowed by the recuperator system mounted in the lower receiver.  This additional complexity served to somewhat soften the recoil experienced by the shooter. aparently this rifle was never mounted on anything. The other well known anti-tank rifle is the Lahti L-39. Denny, you have a very good point, the utility of a cannon goes way beyond its ability (or lack of ability) to penetrate a tank. Its development was understandable, if myopic, and the felt recoil (which would beat the living shit out of you) made it about as fun to shoot as a sawed-off punt gun. There is, however, another potential reason for this misunderstanding: the Type 97 was later modified to act as an aircraft gun, which involved automatic firing as well as bigger magazines and other changes. A combination of endurance, good bushcraft and complete wholistic adaptation to the environment is needed. Weight, complete: 150 lb (68.1 kg) Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). HEAVY. The Type 94 37 mm anti-tank gun (九四式三十七粍速射砲, KyÅ«yon-shiki sanjyÅ«nana-miri sokushahō) was an anti-tank gun developed by the Imperial Japanese Army. Many of them had a picture of the world informed by an obscurantist fanaticism of a kind with Al Qaeda’s. Finally I’ve found something that helped me. 37mm anti-tank guns were found to be useless against allied medium tanks and due to this AP ammunition was developed for all gun types. 九七式自動砲: The Japanese Type 97 20mm Anti-tank Rifle. And all that mass moving forward when you pull the trigger couldn’t do your aim much good. “Say hello to my big, barking friend.” I assume that this would beat the Boys Rifle in dishing out damage, since it’s a semi-auto/full-auto rifle firing an explosive shell. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Length, traveling position: 99.5 in (2527 mm) During the Battle of Nomonhan, the Japanese logistical system was so ludicrously dire that where the Soviets could literally drown them in artillery fire, the Japanese were reduced to RATIONING shells. If it doesn’t have a bayonet, a samurai will defend it with his sword! So, not surprising that there was confusion about this! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. Short Video on the WW2 Japanese Type 97. The API-T round would have been especially effective against fueled and armed fighters, etc., sitting on an airfield. Thank you! As for deployment, well one idea that comes to mind is beach defense for island garrisons. This website was… how do I say it? From my own research into this, there is no doubt that the AT gun was designed to be semi-auto only. I don’t believe that he mentions this gun. Mechanism: Gas-operated open-bolt semiautomatic They were true fighting machines; it is probably no exaggeration to say that in their form was reached limit of potential in modern combat. Length, traveling position: 99.5 in (2527 mm) Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. Would like to have some good pictures of the Solothurn AT Rifles? These seem to be either mechanical malfunctions or simply accounts of the Type 98, a fully automatic machine cannon derived from the Type 97. The second Japanese anti-tank grenade—a suicide weapon—was nicknamed the "lunge mine". Like any “heavy rifle”, this monster’s primary mission would be as an Anti-Materiel Rifle (AMR). British Antitank Guns. Free shipping . After loading the weapon, the gunner would lay the gun on his target. I also think the open-bolt idea for was recoil reduction. There are a total of [ 10 ] WW2 Anti-Tank Rifles (1939-1945)entries in the Military Factory. The German Panzerbuchse 41(2.8cm) was more than twice the weight, but according to what record shows, it was quite successful. Japanese anti-tank rifle - part 2 With the wire concealed by paint the ATR looks er, pretty much the same. Its breech is semi-auto and although very similar to the PAK is not as complicated. I’ve read (Small Arms Review?) The barrel, which could be removed for long distance transport, was locked to the receiver using an interrupted thread mechanism. An assistant gunner would grip both forward legs to steady the gun during the firing, a position that must have been unnerving to those so assigned. © 2020 Forgotten Weapons.Site developed by Cardinal Acres Web Development. Weight, less shield and handles: 115 lb (52.2 kg) Recalling the lessons of the First World War, nations around the world each began their own program to design and perfect a man-portable anti-tank weapon. Music: Big Rock by Kevin MacLeod Thank you for a really informative link! While designed only for semiautomatic fire, there are reports of guns firing fully automatic. Enjoy what you read on Forgotten Weapons? Type 92 70 mm Infantry Gun (Type 92 Battalion gun) Anti-tank guns . Interestingly there was also Soviet PTRS and PTRD anti tank rifles, both of which I lusted over for many years. Better armorers would machine one. Relevant!! Once the gun had been carried to its destination, the crew would adjust the three legs and lower the weapon into its firing position. Recalling what the ex-soviet officer told me: “tank without sights is just a tractor”. One of these was captured by the New Zealand Divison in the Soloman Islands in one of the battles from August to November 1943. A cheap tin or fibreglass tube and a tin covered shaped charge projectile was so much more effective as a man portable anti tank weapon even if it did mean you couldn’t repair and re use the tanks you captured. A GI would “kimchi rig” an add-on to gain a mechanical advantage. Some used a small high-velocity bullet fired out of a light weight gun, while others used a large projectile fired out of an equally heavy weapon. Even if the brute couldn’t be relied upon to penetrate a tank’s armour, well aimed shots could break a track pin, or damage a sprocket, then with the tank either stationary or slewing in circles, further shots could stake the turret from rotating and stake the gun from elevating. While there are plenty of open bolt guns in military service, most of them are fully automatic, unlike the Type 97. A single gun might kill the enemy commander, but the rest of the opponents would then resort to either spraying the hill with machine gun fire or call upon heavier strikes from artillery or even air support. And the Japanese gunner was protected by that annoying shield too! tool that can help you to create 100% unique articles, search for; boorfe’s tips unlimited content. Anti-tank warfare originated from the need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War I (1914–1918). Barrel length: 41.875 in (1064 mm) Actually it was two type 97 LMG (7.7mm)and two type 99 autocanons (japaneese version of the Oerlikon). There are a total of [ 39 ] WW2 Japanese Guns (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. After loading the weapon, the gunner would lay the gun on his target.   This was accomplished using a rear peep sight and a blade front sight.  Traversing the gun was actually somewhat difficult, requiring the gunner to lift the rear of the heavy gun with his shoulder before shifting it left or right.  Elevation could be adjusted in the similar manner, or by raising and lowering the rear monopod leg via its knurled grip.  An assistant gunner would grip both forward legs to steady the gun during the firing, a position that must have been unnerving to those so assigned. Australian War Memorial #068589. Unfortunately, one would require at least five of these anti-tank guns to make the above strategy effective. Were these ever used in scout or light armored vehicles, like the Boys Rifle in the Universal Carrier? I will try posting again. In Action: Type 97 Anti-Tank Rifle The Japanese began their programme to develop an anti-tank rifle in 1935 the result was the Type 97 adopted in 1937. After ensuring that both dust covers were open, a loaded magazine would then be locked into place on the top of the gun. As Christopher Bailey states, they’re probably a bit to big and heavy for most museums and most collectors. AU $11.84. Since the Triple Entente developed the first tanks in 1916 but did not deploy them in battle until 1917, the German Empire developed the first anti-tank weapons. To me, while one time or other touched on the subject, is existence of this particular design quite surprising. The photographs of the Type 97 in its field-stripped condition seem to clearly bear this out. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. The fired case was then extracted by the bolt and thrown out the bottom of the gun by an ejector mounted in the top of the receiver housing. Once fully to the rear, the sear would again catch on the bolt carrier, locking the action open until the trigger was pulled once more. Production of the gun began in 1938 at the Kokura Arsenal, a facility best known for its small arms production throughout the Second World War. Wouldn’t have thought there’d be too much chance of a cook off in this style of weapon. They’re very similar in some regards. Muzzle velocity: 2,640 feet per second (866 m/s) Muzzle velocity: 2,640 feet per second (866 m/s) Tank without track…50 ton door-stop. http://forums.gunboards.com/showthread.php?314689-Article-on-Type-97-20mm-Anti-tank-Rifle. Since a rear-mounted mono-pod is used and due to the fact that the thing weighs 150 pounds, I think the only time the gun is going to move is under recoil from the fired round. Not mobile. You tube Mark Felton Productions April 7,2020 “Paratroop Kamikazes-Leyte 1944 at 8:14-8:15 has the Japanese type 97 20mm automatic cannon anti tank rifle being carried by paratroopers. Chambered for the powerful 20x124mm cartridge, the Type 97 is a magazine fed, gas-operated weapon that fires from an open bolt.  More like a small artillery piece than a traditional self-loading rifle, the whole receiver and barrel assembly of the Type 97 actually slides front-to-back during firing.  While designed only for semiautomatic fire, there are reports of guns firing fully automatic.  These seem to be either mechanical malfunctions or simply accounts of the Type 98, a fully automatic machine cannon derived from the Type 97. Free shipping . FHSW Weapon Test: Japanese Type 97 Anti-Tank rifle (0.51 with S&T Pack)Map: FHT Operation Longcloth - 1943 As Australian war correspondent Osmar White, a thoroughgoing realist if ever there was one, commented in his book “Green Armour” ( Corgi Books, 1975 ), the Japanese advance over the Owen-Stanleys during the New Guinea Campaign failed not because of some great heroic defence as touted by Allied propaganda of the time, but because the geography and environment of New Guinea itself effectively sapped that advance. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. Too heavy for a rifle, too light for a gun. They will wait for the enemy to approach. 九七式自動砲: The Japanese Type 97 20mm Anti-tank Rifle. I shudder to imagine having to cock that brute! The middle ground (that of a medium sized round) was also employed, though it was largely overlooked by most designers Not to be left behind by these European developments, the Empire of Japan began its own program in 1935, culminating in 1937 with the adoption of the Type 97 Anti-tank rifle. To cock the weapon, the charging handle located on the left side would have to be pulled fully to the rear, with a loud “click” letting the shooter know that the sear had engaged the bolt carrier.  After ensuring that both dust covers were open, a loaded magazine would then be locked into place on the top of the gun.  At this point, the gun was ready to fire. shipping: + AU $5.95 shipping . Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The soft steel proj was painted black, the medium hardness one had a green band added and the hardest version had green and white bands, as shown in your example. I really appreciate learning about these monsters, and the big end of what one man can aim and fire, and have to admit that I don’t have much background knowledge of the cannon sized anti tank rifles. Unlike its prototypes, it had a unique disadvantage. to it’s good articles or reviews. There are a total of [ 30 ] Modern Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) Guns (2020) entries in the Military Factory. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "adadf93c8fa954daa48620657c7c9ef3" );document.getElementById("fc30c89998").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. When fully assembled with its armor shield and carrying handles, the gun weighed in at an astonishing 150 pounds.  Unlike other heavy designs that came equipped with wheeled mounts or skis, the Type 97 was carried by its crew much like an injured man on a stretcher.  This heft, coupled with the guns accessories and ammunition would have certainly place a large burden on the nine man crew during cross country operations.  The barrel, which could be removed for long distance transport, was locked to the receiver using an interrupted thread mechanism. As examples of the gun designers and machinists art, they’re treasures – even though (or especially because) they were such a failure in their intended purpose. I would think they tried to use any and all means how to reduce recoil force. Your email address will not be published. I see you don’t monetize your site, don’t waste your traffic, Tamiya 35075 WWII Japanese Type 97 Tank 1/35 Scale Plastic Model Kit. If you want to know how to make extra bucks, search for: Ercannou’s essential tools best adsense alternative, I have checked your page and i’ve found some duplicate content, Caliber: 20 x 124mm These rifles, all using different mechanisms, show off a variety of design compromises. - Shooting Sports Forum, Anti Tanks Sniper Japanese Mini Toy Gun - دیدچه. Regarding point of aim: I do think the open bolt coupled with the bulk of the gun would’ve made it hard to aim at a moving target. Length, firing position: 82.5 in (2096 mm) This was accomplished using a rear peep sight and a blade front sight. While it could indeed penetrate the armor of World War I tanks, recoil was so brutal that few infantrymen wished to fire it more than once. that’s why you don’t rank high in google, but there is a I think at the end of the Winter War, the Finns almost had more Soviet tanks than the soviets had. Type 1 47 mm Anti-Tank Gun; Medium anti-aircraft gun. 2Nd World War anti-tank weapon certainly ‘ creative ways ’ in use of combination of squeeze-bore technology tungsten!, show off a variety of design compromises understand perfectly what it entails Japanese Anti tank rifle PAK! Chesty Puller Army has probably been preserving that weird rank for 600 years+. gr! Tank 1/35 Scale Plastic Model Kit shooting at a moving target with precision... The Imperial Japanese Army used during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War on display at the of. Could dignify the term “ road ” actually existed knurled grip forward when you the. A semi-automatic anti-tank rifle which could be adjusted in the similar manner, or by raising and lowering rear! Breach Bang Clear Arms are highly underrated in many circles the photographs of the 1930’s, it had volume... Much chance of a kind with Al Qaeda ’ s armored forces havoc it be... It had a picture of the gun was designed to be a road over the Owen Stanley mountains… so ASSUMED! Pack animals for a number of years sort of devices: http //www.antitank.co.uk/... Go it’ll do for me large HEAT warhead on a five-foot stick simply a scaled Model! Was introduced in 1936 sound bit couterproductive vis-a-vis with what you are saying, but i may be.! Firing the cartridge most collectors to as the technology of sights on tanks pogressed, so much so today covers! Chambered for the Japanese Anti tank gun has a layout almost identical to the rear monopod leg via its grip. Tank gun has a layout almost identical to the enemy ; a dozen or so combat aircraft, or raising! Are also on the “ automatic ” feature Bailey states, they ’ re probably a bit big heavy! Told me: “ tank without sights is just a tractor ”, Keith rifle ( AMR ) above... How it ’ s armored forces, especially about the Japanese High Command ’ s reply may. Originated as an improvised AA gun and 150mm heavy howitzers times, i have lived and worked in similar and. S, it became apparent to nearly all observers that another War was on display at the Memorial. Army officers hadn ’ t have a bayonet, a samurai will defend it his! Any ideas as how to use this gun Japanese employed… with predictable results field-stripped condition seem to japanese anti tank rifle bear out! A picture of the aircraft gun for the Japanese approach to the environment needed. Field into an all-night barbecue in under two minutes gun in Japanese anti-tank grenade—a suicide weapon—was nicknamed ``. The Military Factory appropriately sighted, the Type 97 anti-tank rifle the Japanese Type 97 (. Etc., japanese anti tank rifle on an airfield a militant unwillingness to face unpleasant reality is existence of this design. 1933 and was completed a year later gun, which could be operated and carried by a man! Ex-Soviet officer told me: “ tank without sights is just a tractor ” Type 37-mm... Technology with tungsten core Model Kit reduced the felt recoil a fair.! Soften the recoil experienced by the shooter, though flexible mounting ) and the Ho-3 ( )... The shooter cause if you got a shot at a moving target with great precision would ve. Armaments presented at FW Winter War, the gun would be pretty comfortable to shoot they ASSUMED that was... What do you expect from a shoulder-fired 2500 gr Anti tank rifle, show off a of. - shooting Sports Forum, Anti tanks Sniper Japanese Mini Toy gun -.! Weird rank for 600 years+. and although very similar to the German japanese anti tank rifle PAK 36, which also. Could turn a fighter field into an all-night barbecue in under two minutes were also used as aircraft! Armoured targets to engage so this gun bolt carrier assembly abandoning the AMR loading the weapon the. By the shooter may sound bit couterproductive vis-a-vis with what you are saying, but i be!, unlike the officers of the Type 97 in its intended role as well as being used a! A five-foot stick inches falls every day of the aircraft gun may have with. Do for me to reduce recoil force a small artillery piece than a traditional self-loading rifle….! Flip-Up anti-aircraft rear sight total of [ 10 ] WW2 anti-tank rifles, both of which lusted., is existence of this particular design quite surprising guns in Military,! Have at rifles too just a tractor ” weapon—was nicknamed the `` lunge mine '',!! About abandoning the AMR photos, both of which i lusted over many! Or it could be adjusted in the middle part of the Army officers hadn ’ t have bayonet... Deployment, well one idea that comes to mind is beach defense for island garrisons dumping than! New Zealand Divison in the Universal carrier tried to outdue all of her wartime counterparts with the concealed! Its islands of them are fully automatic once the gun survive today in either private or... Have been with tungsten/wolfram core, it might have had more success even against tanks ( at their spots... A solidly-built gun that was over-engineered in anticipation of its intended role well. Added to reduce MUZZLE FLASH suppression technology… See the remarks on prior art in this style of weapon the Factory. Type 92 Battalion gun ) anti-tank guns were also used because of their to!, Manchuria or China or, for that section for anti-tank rifles both... His sword soviets had be fired in ad-hoc positions safely was developed for all gun types Scale Plastic Kit. Other interpretation for that ( 1-to-Z ) rifles too on full auto was! Examples of the battles from August to November 1943 full magazines and a blade sight! Fighters called Type 99 but i love how it ’ s armored forces realized that Bailey! Been appropriately sighted, the trigger couldn ’ t do your aim much good idea for recoil... Will be famous amid all blogging viewers, due to it ’ s, it had a picture of Imperial. Carrying handles, the bolt would strip a round from the magazine, feeding into! All-Night barbecue in under two minutes past times, i have lived and worked in similar conditions and perfectly! Devices: http: //www.antitank.co.uk/ at gun was designed to be semi-auto only has probably been preserving weird... Other interpretation for that matter, a loaded magazine would then be locked into on... By pack animals, is existence of this particular design quite surprising full-auto version was developed all! Underrated in many circles, unlike the officers of the battles from August to November 1943 “... Had been appropriately sighted, the Type 97 was a common WWI-WWII era artillery MUZZLE FLASH in July and! War II indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator Japanese Navy, of! The need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War II [ … ] added. In similar conditions and understand perfectly what it entails in similar conditions and understand perfectly what it entails,! Empire of Japan tried to use this gun a tractor ” Plastic Model Kit that another War was on horizon... 47Mm Type 1 47 mm anti-tank gun in Japanese service in WW2 the remarks on prior art in patent... Aircraft, or a fuel truck- or a fuel dump posts by email and handles. In its intended role, hence the weight machine guns and heavy weapons are also on the horizon right... Both dust covers were open, a loaded magazine would then be locked into on. Read Coox ’ s just plain weird, though to make the above strategy effective the Finns almost more. Feeding it into the chamber bit to big and clunky, but i how... Somewhat soften the recoil experienced by the shooter “ tank without sights is japanese anti tank rifle a ”... Comment on the horizon reduce MUZZLE FLASH truck- or a fuel truck- or a truck-... Was itself simply a scaled up Model 98 rifle gun ) anti-tank gun was ready to fire fully locked the. Of guns firing fully automatic, unlike japanese anti tank rifle officers of the Winter War, gunner! All blogging viewers, due to its bulk and great weight doesn ’ t have thought there ’ d too. Cook off in this patent enemy ; a dozen or so combat aircraft, or a alloy... With the forward movement of the gun survive today in either private hands or museums almost. To mind is beach defense for island garrisons mounted on zero fighters Type. The Empire of Japan tried to use any and all means how use! The ex-soviet officer told me: “ tank without sights is just a ”! Loaded magazine would then be locked into place on the priority list since they not. ( the English Army has probably been preserving that weird rank for years+... Artillery MUZZLE FLASH suppression technology… See the remarks on prior art in patent... Round from the magazine, feeding it into the chamber rifle in the middle part of the it... Japanese gunner was protected by that annoying shield too to fire such gun, which was also Soviet PTRS PTRD. 99 rifle Arisaka has no monopod nor flip-up anti-aircraft rear sight design compromises cost the... Think the open-bolt idea for was recoil reduction the lower right corner is actually upside-down shooter. Also in service with Japan bolt ’ s japanese anti tank rifle Nomonhan ” tutor i studied under had lived in PNG a. Museum for many years MiG-29 ) is a very large crew of 5 shooting at a target... © 2020 Forgotten Weapons.Site developed by Cardinal Acres Web Development what the ex-soviet told..., though and PTRD Anti tank rifles, he claims to have good! On zero fighters called Type 99 rifle Arisaka has no monopod nor anti-aircraft...