He has taken part in several archaeological projects in Israel, including at Khirbet Qeiyafa, Tel Azekah, Ein el-Jarba and in Jerusalem’s City of David. Shown here is a view of the Canaanite city ruins in the lower area of the Tel Arad archaeological site, Israel. According to the paper, residue from two apparent altars excavated from an 8th century Judahite shrine at Tel Arad (about 35 miles south of Jerusalem) in the 1960s has now been independently analyzed and confirmed by two unrelated laboratories. Researchers recently discovered this after analyzing "unidentified dark material" found on … Organic residues attributed to animal dung were also found, suggesting that the cannabis resin had been mixed with dung to enable mild heating. The shrine is located in the northwestern corner of the fortress and is about 42 feet across and 62 feet deep. Arad provides the earliest evidence for frankincense in a clear cultic context. On the smaller altar, residues of cannabinoids such as Δ Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. In 1963, two limestone altars were found at the entrance to the "Holy of Holies" of a Judahite shrine at Beersheba Valley, in Israel's Tel Arad, an … CBD and THC are the psychoactive compounds of cannabis, the ones that alter a person's mental or physical state. “Two limestone monoliths, interpreted as altars, were found in the Judahite shrine at Tel Arad. The shrine at Arad was part of a hilltop fortress that guarded the southern frontier of the Kingdom of Judah roughly from the ninth century B.C.E. Two limestone monoliths, interpreted as altars, were found in the Judahite shrine at Tel Arad. Unidentified dark material preserved on their upper surfaces was submitted for organic residue analysis at two unrelated laboratories that used similar established extraction methods. The animal fat present may have allowed the frankincense to burn at a higher temperature, which is required for frankincense to evaporate and release its fragrance. In a new study in the journal Tel Aviv, a team of archaeologists describe how they found cannabis residues on an Iron Age shrine known as the ‘Holy of Holies’, which dates back to around 750 BCE. Frankincense comes from Arabia. "Only when you are burning cannabis are the [psychoactive ingredients] released into the air. by GWCMag. Share; Tweet; Front view of the shrine at Arad, rebuilt in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. Like most Ancient Near Eastern shrines, including the Temple in Jerusalem, it was composed of several spaces reflecting a hierarchy of sanctity. Frankincense comes from Arabia. Perfectly preserved ancient Roman mosaic floor discovered in Italy, Bad to the bone: Cannibal dinosaurs turned to eating each other in tough times, Hundreds of fossilized human footprints found in Africa could reveal ancient traditions, Earliest evidence for modern humans, and their handmade pendants, found in Bulgarian cave. Because the walls of the shrine weren't intact in the museum, the museum decided to reconstruct the wall with stones from Tel Arad to further the exhibition's significance. In 2007-2010, the archaeology wing of the museum was renovated , sparking a renewed interest in the shrine. The Backstory of the Shrine at Arad The altars were located in a shrine thought to have been used for a brief time between 750 – 715 BC, which roughly equates to the reign of King Ahaz of Judah. by GWCMag. Some tribes also used cannabis for medicinal purposes, the study said. Therefore, the presence of frankincense at Arad indicates the participation of Judah in the south Arabian trade even before the patronage and encouragement of the Assyrian empire. Registered in England & Wales No. It holds four areas: a fenced-in open courtyard; a storage area north of the courtyard; a main hall west of the courtyard and storerooms; and a small cella west of the main hall. The study's finding regarding frankincense also provided further insight into the ingredients used in Jerusalem incense, he added. Atop the big altar were terpenoids, or organic compounds, and more fatty acids. Frankincense is a component of the incense that was burned in the Temple of Jerusalem for its aroma. - … The shrine at Arad was part of a hilltop fortress that guarded the southern frontier of the Kingdom of Judah roughly from the ninth century B.C.E. leifeh, Arad, and Buseirah are shedding important light on the Edomites in late Iron Age II. Judahite Shrine of Tel Arad from 8th century B.C.E. A small sanctuary was uncovered in the Arad fortress on Judah’s southern border. The terpenoids are associated with frankincense resin, while the fatty acids, also accompanied by hormones, were likely from mammalian fat as well. Frankincense may have also been used for cultic ceremonies; the discovery in Arad is the first identification of the substance used in such a context. Inside the site, Analysis of the materials on two altars, now housed in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem, found they contained cannabis and frankincense, according to a. Frankincense was highly valuable, the study said, as reflected in the Bible when frankincense's price is often compared to gold and precious stones, described as a royal treasure and celebrated for its fragrance. Just for fun, another bit of news amid all the recent findings from the Near East! > Two limestone monoliths, interpreted as altars, were found in the Judahite shrine at Tel Arad. A study published in Tel Aviv reveals that Marijuana residues were found at the shrine of Tel Arad. Past excavations revealed two superimposed fortresses, dated to the 9 th to early 6 th centuries BCE, which guarded the southern border of biblical Judah. Frankincense is mentioned as a component of the incense that was burned in the Temple of … The Biblical text is sparse on details of Hezekiah’s reform in Judah, but we can turn to archaeology for assistance. Researchers link it to ancient cult practices. The high price of frankincense further implied the fort of Arad was an official institution of some distinction, the study said, owned by the Kingdom of Judah. B) https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03344355.2020.1732046 The Arad shrine was discovered after Aharoni discovered a cella, a small room holding cult objects. [embedded content] Now backed by archeological evidence: Cannabis and Frankincense at the Judahite Shrine of Arad 28 May 2020 Abstract Two limestone monoliths, interpreted as altars, were found in the Judahite shrine at Tel Arad. The Hellenistic cave is decorated with paintings of nymphs, water scenes, mythological figures and … A New Archaeological Archaeological Discovery . In 1963, two limestone altars were found at the entrance to the “Holy of Holies” of a Judahite shrine at Beersheba Valley, in Israel’s Tel Arad. We use cookies to improve your website experience. B) https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03344355.2020.1732046 The fact that we found cannabis in an official cult place of Judah says something new about the cult of Judah," Arie said. Judahite shrine at Tel Arad Did Ancient Hebrews Get High During Temple? Some smokers joke that marijuana is their religion, but new research shows ancient Israelites may have used cannabis as a ritual to access God. However, CBD and THC derive from the cannabinoids tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA). We wish to thank Hinanit Koltai and Einav Mayzlish Gati, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, for many fruitful discussions. 3099067 According to previous research, the shrine may have been buried for ritual reasons, or a desire to protect it from the dangers of Assyrian occupation and destruction, the study said. Since the smell akin to cannabis is available in many plants, the authors concluded the cannabis wasn't imported for its smell or therapeutic qualities, but for its "mind-altering abilities. "We know from all around the Ancient Near East and around the world that many cultures used hallucinogenic materials and ingredients in order to get into some kind of religious ecstasy," said lead author Eran Arie, curator of Iron Age and Persian Periods archaeology in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem. On the smaller altar, residues of cannabinoids such as Δ9-teterahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN) were detected, along with an assortment of terpenes and terpenoids, suggesting that cannabis inflorescences had been burnt on it. Unidentified dark material preserved on their upper surfaces was submitted for organic residue analysis at two unrelated laboratories that used similar established extraction methods. Liquid chromatography and gas chromatography, two main, modern methods for identifying cannabinoids, were also used. Archaeology reveals that, with the exception of Tell Halif, these sites were part of the official Judahite … Past excavations revealed two superimposed fortresses, dated to the 9th to early 6th centuries BCE, which guarded the southern border of biblical Judah. There are two burial tombs, a painted Hellenistic cave and a Roman cave. More finds were unearthed, including Hebrew ostracas (stones with writings) and the shrine. Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. Like most Ancient Near Eastern shrines, including the Temple in Jerusalem, it was composed of several spaces reflecting a hierarchy of sanctity. The residues from two altars were analyzed at two labs, revealing Frankincense and, on one altar, Marijuana mixed with dung. Researchers link it to ancient cult practices. May 31, 2020 . Excavations revealed two superimposed, squared fortresses that dated back to the ninth to early sixth centuries BCE and guarded the Judahite kingdom's southern border. Frankincense is mentioned as a component of the incense that was burned in the Temple of … New research reveals Cannabis and Frankincense at the Judahite Shrine of Biblical Arad Analysis of the material on two Iron Age altars discovered at the entrance to the “holy of holies” of a shrine at Tel Arad in the Beer-sheba Valley, Israel, were found to contain Cannabis and Frankincense, according to new article in the journal, Tel Aviv . The archaeological remains come from Tel Arad, Tel Motza, Beer-Sheba, Tell Halif and Lachish—settlements with ninth- and eighth-century cultic places—to help us understand what actually happened. "As shown in this study, eighth century Judah may now be added to the places where these rituals took place," the study said. Researchers recently announced they discovered cannabis resin on one of two alters at the entrance to the “Holy of Holies” of a … His Ph.D. thesis focused on the Judahite shrine at Tel Arad, and his other publications concern the archaeology and religion of ancient Israel. Notes: 1. Specifically, marijuana was found mixed with animal dung on the smaller of the two shrine altars, according to a study published Thursday in the Journal of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University . How cannabis arrived in Tel Arad is unknown, but since there are no known cannabis seeds or pollen remains in archaeological sites in the Ancient Near East, the cannabis was likely imported in hashish form — cannabis extracts that are compressed into shapes. The material atop the small altar of the shrine contained cannabis compounds and animal feces. The “fortress mound” of Tel Arad in the Beer-sheba Valley in southern Israel was excavated over 50 years ago under the direction of the late TAU Professor Yohanan Aharoni. The ‘fortress mound’ of Tel Arad (Aharoni 1968; Aharoni, M. 1993; Herzog 2002) was excavated between 1962−1967 on behalf of the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, by Yohanan Aharoni (Ruth Amiran served as co-director during the first season). Unidentified dark material preserved on their upper surfaces was submitted for organic residue analysis at two unrelated laboratories that used similar Reference: “Cannabis and Frankincense at the Judahite Shrine of Arad” by Eran Arie, Baruch Rosen and … New research reveals cannabis and frankincense at the Judahite shrine of biblical Arad — ScienceDaily. Around this time, the Israel Museum was under construction in Jerusalem. Judahite Shrine of Arad CBD-like molecule The Temple grants to study the worship' by ancient Israelites shrine was compared to study (oral administration of benefits of CBD. Announces Completion of NIH-NIDA Judahite Shrine of Arad inflammation as Research on summary. Judahite Shrine of Tel Arad from 8th century B.C.E. "We never thought about Judah taking part in these cultic practices. We also thank Alon Amrani of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Dedi Meiri of the Technion for permission to use their GC-MS instrumentation and facilities. May 31, 2020 0 comment. Different theories have been proposed regarding the role of Allah in Meccan religion. Previous research suggested the shrine was built and used from around 750 BCE to 715 BCE, less than half a century. Though the excavations were more than 50 years ago, some studies of the materials left on the altars have been inconclusive and no final reports have been issued. 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