His policy gave a severe jolt to the policy of Akbar to build India as Sulah-i-Kul, that is, a place of religious toleration. The Marathas tried to replace the Mughals. The Mughals played a positive role in developing and stabilizing India’s relations with her neighboring Asian powers, including Iran, the Uzbeks, and the Ottoman Turks. He was no better than his predecessors, and also stupid. This region had gold, silver, gems as well as other metals that the western nations The Empire was not well under the rule of his son Sher Shah Seri, but that all changed under the rule of Akbar the Great, Babur grandson. The Mughals were considered the mightiest power in Indian history. Badan Singh and later his adopted son, Surajmal, followed the Rajputs and raised a powerful separate kingdom of Jats in “Braj”. The Mughal Empire (also known as Mogul, Timurid, or Hindustan empire) is considered one of the classic periods of India's long and amazing history. The empire is famous for territorial expansion, institutional reforms in land revenue (jagir system), inventing a new language, and military organization. It was that policy which fitted into the compromising nature of the Indian society. Bengal, Hyderabad, Carnatic region, Marathas, Mysore etc. After that time it continued to exist as a considerably reduced and increasingly powerless entity … He was poisoned to death. Not only did the political boundaries of the Empire shrink, the decline also saw the collapse of the administrative structure so assiduously built by rulers like Akbar and Shah Jahan. However, Khusrau soon accepted his mistake and forgave by Jahangir. The Mughals used the mansabdar system to generate land revenue. He was succeeded by Shambhaji who ruled from 1680 to 1689. Each of them had, however, been under cons­tant pressure from “nobles” from within and without who aspired to be their own masters. After the death of Aurangzeb, they defeated the Nizam-ul-Mulk, the Subahdar of the Deccan and the Wazir of the Mughal Emperor in February 1738. To continue the policy, the Afghans also began to be welcomed into the Mughal nobility. The improvement of transport and communications by the Mughals.Encouragement given by … He ruled over a small kingdom in Turkestan. Once the Mughal Empire came and took over India, one structure socially was put into place. It was he who granted dewanni to the British and became a de facto pensioner of the Company Government in India. Akbar maintained the alliance with the Rajput. Thus, after the death of Aurangzeb, though the Mughal Em­peror was still, de jure sovereign both of the north and south, a facade which was maintained by the East India Company also for a long time, but his power had declined so rapidly, that he was no better than a mere figurehead. The third section was known as Mir Saman ran the royal household and other necessary structure in the Mughal Empire. Though he was imprisoned in 1689 by Aurangzeb, the Marathas remained the master of their nation. The emperor would grant revenue rights to a mansabdar in exchange for promises of soldiers in wartime. The Mughal dominion in South Asia did move from its 'tribal' Central Asian characteristics under Humayun, but was yet to acquire the full-fledge status of an 'empire' emanating from an all powerful monarch, which was ever so evident during the reign of Akbar. The Mughal Empire survived until 1857, but its rulers were, after 1803, pensioners of the East India Company. The tragedy of the decline of the Mughal empire was that its mantle fell on a foreign power which dissolved, in its won interests, the centuries-old socioeconomic and political structure of the country was replaced with a COLONIAL STRUCTURE. Then, India consis­ted of several “kingdoms” of varying size, in each of the ‘ kingdom”, its king was supreme. “The thirty years of Muhammad Shah, Louis XV of the Empire, from vigorous youth to paralytic old age, are a story of the ruin of the empire. In 1739, when the Persian adventurer, Nadir Shah, sacked the Imperial capital, the Mughal Government as a political institution was a mere pretense”.