principled approach to language teaching, one based on a scientific approach to the study of language and of language learning. In fact, the communicative approach, still widely preached as the latest and greatest approach, is already due for a makeover of its own. When it comes to teaching there are a variety of methods and approaches educators use in the classroom. Keywords: Approaches in teaching literature, Less proficient students 1. and assumptions about learning and teaching that underlie standards are also based on notions of language teaching approaches which espouse “a particular view of the world and [can be] articulated in the interests of unequal power relationships” (Pennycook, 1989, pp. Like the first edition, it surveys the major approaches and methods in language teaching, such as grammar translation, audiolingualism, communicative language teaching, and the natural approach. It has two main strands to it: All language used involves language functions such as inviting, agreeing, disagreeing etc. nicative language teaching, or CLT, and explore the assumptions it is based on, its origins and evolution since it was first proposed in the 1970s, and how it has influenced approaches to language teaching today. Methods and approaches in language teaching Methods and approaches in language teaching Universidade Potiguar Letras língua inglesa What is a good English teacher? Introduction At SIT, we do this by giving our teacher trainees a direct experience with each method. and must be used appropriately Psychological approaches to language and learning - Final Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? It focuses on enhancing students' speaking skills and critical thinking. It is based on the premise that the teacher should be silent as much as possible in the classroom but the learner should be encouraged to produce as much language as possible. treatment of elements of the target language systems as part of language teaching methodology; (2) pedagogical content-- reference sources that present information about the target language system; and (3) some combinations of process and content. Dimensions of a Curriculum. approaches and methods to language teaching in chapter two are analyzed, as well as certain additional criteria relevant in analyzing grammar. The Oral Approach or Situational Language Teaching is based on a structural view of language. CLT “aims to (a) make communicative competence the goal of language teaching and (b) develop procedures for the teaching of the four language skills that acknowledge the interdependence of language and communication” (p. 155). In the classroom Learners in the modern language classroom often learn through techniques drawn from a variety of methods/approaches in what has been labelled an ‘eclectic approach'. #6: Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) These days, CLT is by far one of the most popular approaches and methods in language teaching. Nine Twentieth-Century Approaches to Language Teaching An outgrowth of the work of anthropological linguists and Firthian linguists who view language as a system for communication Oral-Situational Approach It is a reaction to the reading Approach and its lack of emphasis on 9710001M Kelly 9710008M Venus 9/25 & 10/2 The main focus of this approach is the task while language is the means with which they complete it. Incorporate both the natural and systematic language approaches. Task-based teaching is a methodology associated with it. 6. the second language acquisition tradition 7. humanistic approaches or designer methods 8. communicative language teaching 9. the post-communicative period: towards an enlightened eclecticism 10. recent approaches to language teaching 11. bilingual programmes 12. summary 13. further reading 14. tasks for papers 15. references Charlotte Mason’s approach to teaching foreign languages is an example of direct instruction. and discussion about effective approaches to language teaching can be better understood by recognizing how differences in the starting points of curriculum development have Input Methodology Learning outcomes Process Output Syllabus Figure 1. The 4C's framework for CLIL considers the following dimentions: Content, Culture, Cognition and Communication. Students learn with a situation that they may encounter in their real life. Other approaches include the cognitive-code approach, and the aural-oral approach (audiolingual method). This change has had a huge impact on classroom materials, course books, teaching techniques and the teacher’s role in the classroom, and still influences English language teaching and learning up to this day.. Type: ppt The implication is that literature teaching with the aims of developing students’ language and thinking skills and generating students’ personal response and appreciation may not be achieved. This second edition is an extensive revision of this successful text. For most linguists, language is the pattern of human speech, and the (implicit) systems that speaking and listening rely on. Lessons have communicative aims. It was used to replace the earlier structural method, called Situational Language Teaching (Orwig, 1999). In recent years a debate has developed over which approaches to structuring and planning and implementing lessons are more effective. The teacher decides what methodology or approach to use depending on the aims of the lesson and the learners in the group. Keep reading to find out more about it. Grammar-Translation Model: If your family has learned a “dead” language like Greek or Latin—or if you learned a foreign language in a classroom a few decades ago—chances are that you have experience with the grammar-translation model. They reflect the beginnings of the discipline of applied linguistics - that branch of language study concerned with the scientific study of second and foreign language teaching … This evaluation looks at teaching approaches and strategies used in schools where there has been a significant increase in the number of students at or above National Standards in the upper primary school years (Years 5 to 8). View Methods and approaches.ppt from AA 1METHODS AND APPROACHES in TEACHING ENGLISH AS A second LANGUAGE Approaches, methods, procedures, and techniques • Approach/-es : - theories about the 7. For a more detailed analysis of the different methods, see Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching Richards, J. and Rodgers, T (1986) CUP Cambridge. Other phenomena come to be called "language" because of more or less close connections or analogies to this central case: writing, sign languages, computer languages, the language of dolphins or bees. Communicative language teaching began in Britain in the 1960s. Don’t think this is complicated, nor is it even expensive, unless you want it to be. Some key features of the Communicative Approach. How well these aspects of PG align with other forms of grammar is an open question. Listed below are brief summaries of some of the more popular second language teaching methods of the last half century. 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