He was buried near the Shwe Degon Pagoda at 6 Ziwaka Road. Of all his wives, Zeenat Mahal was the closest to him. In 1862, at the age of 87, he had reportedly acquired some illness. He participated in the Indian Revolt of 1857. Bahadur Shah Zafar is an important personality in modern Indian history as he was the last emperor of the Mughal Empire and also the figurehead around which the Revolt of 1857 unfolded. Based on the terms of the agreement, the Portuguese Empire gained control of the city of Bassein (Vasai), as well as its territories, islands, and seas which included Daman and Bombay islands too. Bahadur Shah Zafar - Sufi Poet & Last Mughal Emperor & his Circle of Poets: Zauq, Ghalib, Momin, Shefta, Dagh ~SELECTED POEMS~ (English Edition) eBook: Zafar, Bahadur, Smith, Paul: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop The British exiled the Last Mughal Emperor from India to then Rangoon, Burma. He was over sixty when he ascended to the throne of Delhi. The shrine of Bahadur Shah Zafar … He was exiled to Rangoon, Burma (now Myanmar), in 1858 where he lived his … Where was Bahadur Shah Zafar exiled to after the first war of independence? He was born on October 24, 1775 and was the son of Akbar shah II. He died in Burma and was secretly buried near his wife Zeenat Bibi's grave in Yangon. Bahadur Shah sought refuge at Humanyun’s Tomb at the outskirts of Delhi. Congress Schemes Renamed / Repackaged by the NDA. The location of the grave of Bahadur Shah Zafar (or Mirza Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar), the last Mughal emperor, at Rangoon in Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar) is in dispute. By the time he acceded in 1837 the authority of the Mughal emperors had evaporated as the British took control of their lands in return but negotiating a pension (£200,000 a year for Bahadur). In 1862, at the age of 87, he had reportedly acquired some illness. Bahadur Shah Zafar II was the last descendant of the Moghul warrior sovereigns: Babur, Humayan, Akbar. It was the first case to be tried at the Red Fort. In his youth, he conspired to overthrow his father Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, and ascend to the throne. This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 4 pages. BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR EXILED TO RANGOON The last of all Moghul Emperors, Bahadur Shah Zafar, had breathed his last helplessly in Rangoon (Burma). their English translations, were produced against him in the court. When Bahadur Shah Zafar died, he was hastily buried and his grave was lost and forgotten for many years . In October, his condition deteriorated. He was a noted Urdu poet, having written a number of Urdu ghazals. Tamerlane's South Asian campaign. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. According to William Dalrymple’s book: “The Last Mughal,” Zafar was not given even a pen to write while in captivity. I didn't know when he lived and I certainly didn't know when he died. He was buried near the Shwe Degon Pagoda at 6 Ziwaka Road. After some protests, the British were forced to construct a stone slab to mark the site of his grave. From 1696 to 1707, he was governor of Akbarabad, Kabul and Lahore. On 23 December 1534 while on board the galleon St. Mattheus he signed the Treaty of Bassein . During the reign of Bahadur Shah Zafar, Urdu poetry flourished and reached its zenith. Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II, born as Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad on 24 October, 1775, was the last Mughal emperor. He was a very good poet and a calligrapher as well as a Sufi. We use cookies to improve your experience, measure site performance and send relevant messages. Zafar was tried and found guilty on four counts: 1) Aiding the mutinies of the troops, 2) Encouraging people in waging war against the British, 3) Assuming the dominion of Hindustan, 4) Causing murders of a number of Christians; Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled to Rangoon, Burma in 1858, where he remained until his death in 1862. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. PAKSTUDIES.docx - BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR EXILED TO RANGOON The last of all Moghul Emperors Bahadur Shah Zafar had breathed his last helplessly in, The last of all Moghul Emperors, Bahadur Shah Zafar, had breathed his last helplessly, “The Last Mughal,” Zafar was not given even a pen to write while in captivity. When former Indian, Premier Rajiv Gandhi had visited Myanmar (Burma) in 1987, this is what he had, penned down in the visitor’s book placed at the Emperor’s grave: “Although you, (Bahadur Shah) do not have land in India, you have it here, your name is alive… I pay, homage to the memory of the symbol and rallying point of India’s first war of, When the victory of the British became certain, Zafar took refuge at his great, Grandfather Humayun’s tomb in Delhi but he was captured in September 1857. Mehrauli was then a popular venue for hunting parties, picnics and jaunts far away from Delhi, and the dargah was an added attraction. Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled to Rangoon, Burma, in 1858, along with his wife Zeenat Mahal and some of the of the remaining members of the family. 19 20 21. Bahadur Shah was 82 years old and in poor health when the revolting sepoys from Meerut stormed into the palace on 11 May 1857. Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah II, was the last Mughal emperor of India who reigned from 1837 to 1857 for a period of 20 years.As the second son of Akbar Shah II and Lal Bai, he was not his father’s original choice to ascend the throne. Company forces led by Major William Hodson surrounded the tomb and Zafar was captured on 20 September, 1857. The, next day, the Emperor’s sons Mirza Mughal and Mirza Khizr Sultan, and grandson, Mirza Abu Bakr, were shot dead by the British. 2009-07-17 09:01:51 2009-07-17 09:01:51. Severed heads of his three sons and, Week and feeble Bahadur Shah Zafar’s trial had lasted for 41 days, had 19, hearings, 21 witnesses and over a hundred documents in Persian and Urdu, with. Zafar died on Friday, 7 November, 1862 at 5 am. Introducing Textbook Solutions. After they lost, the emperor was tried for treason, imprisoned and exiled to other territory under British control, in what is now Myanmar (Burma). The court that he maintained was home to several prolific Urdu writers, including Mirza Ghalib, Dagh, Mumin, and Zauq. Top Answer. This is the tomb of the last Mughal Emperor and Sufi saint Bahadur Shah Zafar who was exiled to Burma after the 1857 uprising or first war of Independence by the Indian soldiers of the British Army in India also called the mutiny. He was buried at the back of his enclosure, but by 1903 the location of his grave was forgotten. He, scribbled some of his last verses on the wall with a burnt stick. Being a Delhiwallah and an intense lover of history and heritage, it was superlatively … On 9 March, 1858, on the concluding day of the trial of Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar, he was sentenced to be deported on account of his involvement in the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. Zafar Mahal was originally built by Akbar II, but it was his son, Bahadur Shah Zafar, who constructed the gateway and added to the palace in the mid-nineteenth century. © 2018 All India Congress Committee. Asked by Wiki User. Zafar was convicted and sentenced to be exiled to a place decided by the Governor General in Council. According to William Dalrymple (The Last Mughal, 2006), sepoys and cavalrymen from Meerut numbering 300 rode into Delhi in the morning and massacred Christian men, women and children they could find in the city, and proclaimed Bahadur Shah as their … Zafar was tried and convicted. It is in 1980s, city workers stumbled onto this lost grave. Bahadur Shah Zafar drew a blank. He had acquired his poetic taste from his grandfather and father who were also poets. His trial was conducted by a … He was a nominal Emperor and his authority was limited only to the walled city of Old Delhi (Shahjahanbad). It was the first case to be tried at the Red Fort. 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