(De Unitate Credendi, cap. i., v. 42). Juni 1896. xvi., 18). James ii., 10). If it did nor, then it would not have been founded as perpetual, and the end set before it would have been limited to some certain place and to some certain period of time; both of which are contrary to the truth. The Roman Pontiffs Possess Supreme Power in the Church Jure Divino. en It was our predecessor Sixtus V who gave the Roman Curia its formal organization through the above-quoted Apostolic Constitution Immensa æterni Dei, on 22 January 1588, the 1587th year from the Incarnation of Our Lord Jesus Christ. iii., 7), having delivered the keys to Peter declared him Prince of the Christian commonwealth. 869, Cf. "The Lord does not hesitate. delictum meum cognitum *tibi; feci et iniustitiam meam non abscondi dixi confitebor adversus me iniustitiam meam Domino et tu remisisti impietatem peccati mei diapsalm. (Lib. He who seeks the truth must be guided by these fundamental principles. Then am I honoured when due honour is given to everyone" (S. Gregorius M. Epistolarum, lib viii., ep. For this reason the Pontiffs who succeed Peter in the Roman Episcopate receive the supreme power in the church, jure divino. What similarity is there between a dead and a living body? iv., 3, et seq.). But this is not all: the object for which the Church has been instituted is not wholly attained by the performance of this duty. Als Arche des Heiles, die vom Diesseits in das uns unsichtbare Jenseits hinüberführen solle, müsse sie auch imstande sein, die dafür erforderlichen Gnadenmittel bereitzustellen. Union with the Roman See of Peter is to him always the public criterion of a Catholic. Nos autem, fortes viri, satis facere rei publicae videmur, si istius furorem ac tela vitamus. Encyclical: Satis Cognitum. "Heresies and schisms have no other origin than that obedience is refused to the priest of God, and that men lose sight of the fact that there is one judge in the place of Christ in this world" (Epist. So Jesus Christ has perpetuated His mission in the Catholic Church, which is both spiritual and visible. Unitate, n. 6). Wherefore Optatus of Milevis blamed the Donatists for this reason: "Against which ages (of hell) we read that Peter received the saving keys, that is to say, our prince, to whom it was said by Christ: `To thee will I give the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and the gates of Hell shall not conquer them.' Remove it and the whole building falls. He invested him, therefore, with the needful authority; since the right to rule is absolutely required by him who has to guard human society really and effectively. Superiore anno | It is assuredly as impossible that the Church of Jesus Christ can be the one or the other, as that man should be a body alone or a soul alone. v., 2). Thy hope is the Church; thy salvation is the Church; thy refuge is the Church. Find more Latin words at wordhippo.com! He calls it the chair of Peter because it is occupied by the successor of Peter: he calls it the principal Church, on account of the primacy conferred on Peter himself and his legitimate successors; and the source of unity, because the Roman Church is the efficient cause of unity in the Christian commonwealth. Let all those, therefore, who detest the wide-spread irreligion of our times, and acknowledge and confess Jesus Christ to be the Son of God and the Saviour of the human race, but who have wandered away from the Spouse, listen to Our voice. Diuturni temporis | Leo XIII. We see it in truth propagated, and, as it were, delivered from hand to hand. Unity, characteristic of the Church founded by Christ, has a strong influence on souls. Pope Leo XIII - 1896 To Our Venerable Brethren, the Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops, Bishops, and other Ordinaries in Peace and Communion with the Apostolic See. "He shall give testimony of Me, and you shall give testimony" (Ibid. Daher verlieh ihr Jesus Christus folgende Elemente: sie ist zugleich sichtbar und unsichtbar, menschlich und göttlich, zeitlich und überzeitlich. The reason for which is stated thus: "there is no authority greater than that of the Apostolic See" (Nicholaus in Epist. . In the same way in man, nothing is more internal than heavenly grace which begets sanctity, but the ordinary and chief means of obtaining grace are external: that is to say, the sacraments which are administered by men specially chosen for that purpose, by means of certain ordinances. Hence, as it is clear that God absolutely willed that there should be unity in His Church, and as it is evident what kind of unity He willed, and by means of what principle He ordained that this unity should be maintained, we may address the following words of St. Augustine to all who have not deliberately closed their minds to the truth: "When we see the great help of God, such manifest progress and such abundant fruit, shall we hesitate to take refuge in the bosom of that Church, which, as is evident to all, possesses the supreme authority of the Apostolic See through the Episcopal succession? He speaks in vain who tries to persuade me of the orthodoxy of those who, like himself, refuse obedience to his Holiness the Pope of the most holy Church of Rome: that is to the Apostolic See." Dall’alto dell’Apostolico Seggio | For Christ commanded His Apostles to preach the "Gospel to every creature, to carry His name to nations and kings, and to be witnesses to him to the ends of the earth." ii., n. 25). xxviii., 18-19-20). And so St. Gregory the great, writing to the Emperor Maurice Augustus, says: "It is evident to all who know the gospel that the charge of the whole Church was committed to St. Peter, the Apostle and Prince of all the Apostles, by the word of the Lord....Behold! Auspicato concessum | 3). From this text it is clear that by the will and command of God the Church rests upon St. Peter, just as a building rests on its foundation. And as souls cannot be perfectly united in charity unless minds agree in faith, he wishes all to hold the same faith: "One Lord, one faith," and this so perfectly one as to prevent all danger of error: "that henceforth we be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine by the wickedness of men, by cunning craftiness, by which they lie in wait to deceive" (Eph. Christ therefore must have given to His Church a supreme authority to which all Christians must render obedience. And in another place: "The Church will totter if its foundation shakes; but how can Christ be moved?...Christ remaining immovable, it (the Church), shall never be shaken. On the one hand, therefore, it is necessary that the mission of teaching whatever Christ had taught should remain perpetual and immutable, and on the other that the duty of accepting and professing all their doctrine should likewise be perpetual and immutable. Whatsoever He commands, He commands by the same authority. For this I know is the rock on which the Church is built" (Ep. ad Michael. And Augustine: "Heresies have arisen, and certain perverse views ensnaring souls and precipitating them into the abyss only when the Scriptures, good in themselves, are not properly understood" (In Evang. viii., c. 17). Depuis le jour | To this end He established in the Church all principles which necessarily tend to make organized human societies, and through which they attain the perfection proper to each. 4. His ego auditis mores atque parsimoniam 24.1 ratiocinans Milonis uolensque me artius ei conciliare: 'Nihil' inquam 'rerum istarum, quae itineris ubique nos comitantur, indigemus. Leo XIII. So that, although in the people of God there are many priests and many pastors Peter should by right rule all of those over whom Christ Himself is the chief ruler" (Sermo iv., cap. über die Einheit der Kirche. English. September 2013 von POSchenker. Epiphanius, Augustine, Theodoret, drew up a long list of the heresies of their times. The union consequently of visible and invisible elements because it harmonizes with the natural order and by God's will belongs to the very essence of the Church, must necessarily remain so long as the Church itself shall endure. On The Unity of the Church. The Church is not something dead: it is the body of Christ endowed with supernatural life. Libertas praestantissimum donum | 4, ad q. Not the foundation of the Church alone, but its whole constitution, belongs to the class of things effected by Christ's free choice. iii., 6) - We earnestly pray that He will graciously grant Us the power of bringing conviction home to the minds of men. Satis Cognitum On the Unity of the Church. This power over the Episcopal College to which we refer, and which is clearly set forth in Holy Writ, has ever been acknowledged and attested by the Church, as is clear from the teaching of General Councils. "By whom (Jesus Christ) we have received grace and Apostleship for obedience to the faith in all nations for His name" (Rom. So the Christian is a Catholic as long as he lives in the body: cut off from it he becomes a heretic - the life of the spirit follows not the amputated member" (S. Augustinus, Sermo cclxvii., n. 4). If it could in any way be false, an evident contradiction follows; for then God Himself would be the author of error in man. Nach seinem Verständnis sei die Kirche eine uniforme Größe, die durch die kirchliche Hierarchie eine sichtbare Einheit und strukturierte Gestalt gewährleiste. "For the Church, as the edifice of Christ who has wisely built 'His house upon a rock,' cannot be conquered by the gates of Hell, which may prevail over any man who shall be off the rock and outside the Church, but shall be powerless against it" (Ibid.). Rufinus praises Gregory of Nazianzum and Basil because "they studied the text of Holy Scripture alone, and took the interpretation of its meaning not from their own inner consciousness, but from the writings and on the authority of the ancients, who in their turn, as it is clear, took their rule for understanding the meaning from the Apostolic succession" (Hist. Papst Leo XIII. 175-176). And with the same yearning Our soul goes out to those whom the foul breath of irreligion has not entirely corrupted, and who at least seek to have the true God, the Creator of Heaven and earth, as their Father. Also follows that it is absolutely necessary that he should have received real and sovereign authority the! Truth, without exception, must be guided by these fundamental principles you... And loosing ; to him always the public criterion of a Catholic following is a,. Were to belong to His fold said, is Man 's guide whatever. `` know, recognise '' ) a clear and undeniable real and authority. 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