And he was a truly righteous person. Cite This Work The primary evidence for David’s career consists of several chapters of the books 1 and 2 Samuel in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). It would be describe… David’s plans soon begin to backfire upon him. David the son of Jesse was an outstanding musician, poet, warrior, and statesman. After some wardrobe changes (eventually donning his normal garb), David selects five river stones for ammunition and sets out to face his giant enemy. Surely, loneliness was his constant companion. David was more than just a musician; he had the heart of a warrior & a set of shepherding skills on the masters’ level. If David was unwilling to hurt God’s anointed, why would anyone think that he would be alright with King Saul’s assassination? Following Saul’s death, David was appointed king of Judah for seven years before becoming king of all Israel. He is known both as a great fighter and as the "sweet singer of … 1:2). Several things happen because of this. I dont know why people become so gentle in the presence of God ,look the whole king Devid (the apple of the Lords eyes)was ridiculous in the presence of God how much U & I. “Then Samuel said to Jesse, ‘Send and bring him; for we will not sit down until he comes here.’ So he sent and brought him in. What a positive evaluation! The appellation “son of Jesse” served as a synonym for David both at Saul’s court and, subsequently, when David became king. King David in the Bible – Who Was He? Saul has come to hate David more than he loves God—never a good condition to be in, biblically. King David. He is best known for killing the giant Goliath with a sling and stone. Therefore, Nathan prophesies that David would experience perpetual consequences of warfare within and without his kingdom, and that he would suffer public humiliation because he tried to cover up his horrific sins. King David & Solomonby Unknown Artist (Public Domain). For instance, there is a Midrash that says that when David was a teen he fought an enemy, King Nimrod.David's shield was composed of two interlocking triangles attached to the back of a round shield, and, at one point, the battle became so intense that the two triangles were fused together. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. He learned to endure the change of seasons and weather the elements. The whole of Israel mourns, though, at the death of Samuel, and Saul, knowing that sorcery and witchcraft is forbidden by the Law, goes to Endor to conjure up Saul. God displays why He chose David over his more impressive brothers. Expecting a great reward like the previously mentioned Amalakite, they bring Ish-Bosheth’s head to David who immediately executes them for their despicable and criminal activity, saying, “Wicked men have killed an innocent man in his own house and on his own bed” (v. 2 Samuel 4:11). While relaxing at the palace, King David happens to see beautiful Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam and future mother of King Solomon (c. 990–931 BCE), bathing upon her roof and the temptation is too tempting for him. Photo Courtesy: Thinkstock/aradaphotography, Bible Study Resources - Tips, Online Bible Search, Devotions, A Prayer to Finish 2020 with Wisdom - Your Daily Prayer - December 26, 10 Best Bible Study Tools Articles of 2020, 10 False Versions of Jesus People Are Falling For. King David had to have been thinking of King Saul when he penned those famous words in Psalm 51:11. The passage also records that “David comforted his wife Bathsheba, and he went to her and made love to her. For being a man aft… This is the reality that David had been living and the training ground God had been using to prepare David to be king one day. He slew a giant, gathered a loyal army and sought God’s guidance (most of the time). It also pleased King Saul who basically adopted him into his family. David was young when Samuel found him. See that there is nothing in my hand to indicate that I am guilty of wrongdoing or rebellion. He had a deep desire to follow God’s will and do “everything” God wanted him to do. The son of Jesse of the tribe of Judah, David initially gained attention through the killing of Goliath. '” (2 Samuel 12:13), Sadly, David and Bathsheba lost the child that she bore to David. Although feminists claim that David forced Bathsheba, and traditionalists claim that Bathsheba seduced David, the truth is more one of mutual culpability except, perhaps, that as king and the model for the Law of God, David had a higher obligation to protect and not exploit Bathsheba. “Samuel said to Saul, ‘You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Without his former "golden card" of righteousness, the House of David experiences bad tidings beginning with the rape of David’s daughter, Tamar, by her half-brother, Amnon. He learned the meaning of surviving in the wild. Seeing the defeat of their army, the Israelites fled the region, opening up the lands to Philistine occupation and exploitation, which was later supported by the Philistine's use and smithing of iron. Jesus Christ was called the Son of David, referring to the everlasting kingship of David's house, according to the Davidic covenant. He knows God has a Purpose for him and will not let circumstances rob him of that plan. In his desperation, though, King David forgot that God sees and knows everything. (I Kings 2:12). See, my father, look at this piece of your robe in my hand! He was a man after God’s own heart. It was time for God to put His man on the throne--and He was going to use Samuel to help Him do just that. Something about David captured the imagination of the biblical prophets and poets. 1 Samuel 18:2–3 states, “From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return home to his family.”. King David established Jerusalem as Israel's capital over 3,000 years ago. He quickly moves Bathsheba into the palace and marries her before the child is born. Now the LORD loved him and sent word through Nathan the prophet, and he named him Jedidiah [“Beloved of the LORD”] for the LORD’s sake.” (2 Samuel 12:24-25, emphasis added), "Then David slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David. In a contest for the best king of Israel, David would surely win. The Old Testament Prophet Samuel (c. 1200–1050 BCE) is sent to Jesse of Bethlehem (a common farmer and shepherd) to anoint one of his sons as the new king - while Israel's first king, Saul (c. 1080–1010 BCE), is still living but failing in his duties to follow Samuel's instructions and rebelling against the authority/commandments of God. Knox, J. S. (2017, October 18). But what made David a cut above the rest was that his heart was pointed toward God. Not just any king, but a king worthy of becoming a foreshadow of the … Because there was there was no prophetic word from God during this time, this period is sometimes called “the four hundred silent years.” Though the voice of God was silent, the hand of God was actively directing the course of events during these centuries. Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world, but the city hasn’t lived up to its name, at least not yet. Because Your lovingkindness is better than life. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. We also see from the many Psalms that David was a talented musician and a songwriter. “Then David said to Nathan, 'I have sinned against the LORD.' Nathan immediately pronounces judgment upon David, crying out, “You are the man!” (v. 12:7). Saul began to experience periods of mental and emotional suffering, brought on by either a bipolar disorder or an evil spirit (according to the biblical text). Nathan was a prophet during the reigns of King David and King Solomon. So said God of King David of ancient Israel! Sixty-six chapters are dedicated to him. King David is one of the most well-known figures in Jewish history. In Saul’s case, he definitely wished for the latter. Thus I have seen You in the sanctuary, To see Your power and Your glory. 2 Samuel also shares of his marital problems with Saul's daughter Michal, who “when she saw King David leaping and dancing before the Lord, she despised him in her heart” (v. 6:16). Rather than the noble & virtuous warrior of the Lord, now David has become as bad if not worse than murderous Saul. David was the most important King of Israel.Despite his great sin (for which he repented totally) he was described as a man after God's heart. His plans foiled to confuse the paternity of the child, David orders General Joab, his nephew through David's sister Zeruiah, to place Uriah in the thick of the most dangerous fighting and then withdraw everyone but him. David's life had not always been such. He was a musician (I Samuel 16:16-23). David’s kingdom may have been a strong chiefdom or a kind of empire at this point, but it was still not well organized with a strong central administration. His decision was bad judgment on his part and set the stage for his devastating fall into iniquity. God Loved David So Much Because God Chose David. The book of 2 Samuel begins with David hearing the news that his best friend and God’s anointed king have been slaughtered by the Philistines. It is then that Jonathan finally comprehends how insane his father is with hatred for David. Most likely, it was David’s own attempt to protect his reputation. David has hopes to build God’s temple in Jerusalem, but that David’s offspring will be the one to “build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever” (v. 7:13). He had treated the previous king with great respect and later received the role himself, being called a man after God’s own heart (1 Samuel 13:14). He came to the home of Jesse. The kingship of David described in 2 Samuel 2 is just as exciting and dramatic as his period running away from King Saul. Article Images Copyright ©. God is so wonderful that u have to praise & worship him in ridiculous or madness way weather is in public or privite u have to done it because he deserve it . She gave birth to a son, and they named him Solomon” (v. 12:24). Everyone who knows the Bible knows that King David was a great man. David was everything for everybody. '” (I Samuel 8:6-7, emphasis added). Born around 1000 BCE, David was the eighth son (and youngest) of Jesse, from the tribe of Judah. It is therefore not too surprising that King David, one of the most virtuous men in the Bible, forgets his place, his responsibilities to God and to his subjects, and starts a love affair with Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite - one of his Mighty Warriors. When he heard the women dancing in the streets singing, “Saul has slain his thousands, And David his ten thousands,” Saul became very angry. In his youth, as a shepherd, he had fought wild animals to protect his flock. This site is a proud member of the Salem Web Network, a subsidiary of, Copyright © 2020, Crosswalk.com. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. “Then David came to Saul and attended him; and Saul loved him greatly, and he became his armor bearer.” (I Samuel 16:21), Whenever the evil spirit from God overwhelmed Saul, David would play his harp and Saul would calm down and be refreshed, and the evil spirit would leave Saul alone. (I Kings 2:10-11), "And Solomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established." He flees to Gershur and stays with his mother, Michal’s family there, and returns three years later with another plan to steal David’s throne. Once King Saul realized what has just happened, he weeps bitterly, finally self-aware that he has been unrighteous, blood-thirsty, and ungodly, whereas David has properly and mercifully showed himself to be worthy of being Israel’s next king. Uriah, however, is too devoted and too lawful to squander his time while his men are dying in battle. Saul’s madness still rages inside him, sadly, & continues to pursue David who, in another moment of opportunity, spares Saul’s life. But there was also the ill-advised census motivated by Davids pride, not to mention a series of lessons in how not to manage your household well. On the seventh day, the son dies, and David’s response is amazing. Web. David conspires to hide his sin and so, calls Uriah home from the battlefield and tries to get him to sleep with his wife. With Ish-Bosheth dead, David is offered the crown by the elders of Israel, and 2 Samuel 5:4 records, “David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.” He then conquers Jerusalem - Zion - to which he soon also brings the ark of the covenant. Chosen by God “as a man according to His own heart”, David was tried in the school of suffering during the days of exile and developed into a military leader of renown. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.” (I Samuel 8:4-5), “But the thing was displeasing in the sight of Samuel when they said, 'Give us a king to judge us.' David pleads for his son’s life, and when the boy becomes ill, David fasts, prays, and deprives himself of sleep, trying to get God to change his mind, but God does not according to the biblical text. After Jesse parades nearly all his sons by Samuel, each one rejected as king, he finally brings his youngest - David, who “was glowing with health and had a new appearance and handsome features” (1 Samuel 16:12). What Is an Archangel and What Is His Role in the End Times? Based on his appearance, he thought surely this is the LORD’s choice. According to biblical tradition (and some say myth), David (c. 1035 - 970 BCE) was the second king in the ancient United Kingdom of Israel who helped establish the eternal throne of God. Convincing Amnon to travel with him, he gets his half-brother drunk and then has his men murder Amnon, a prince, in revenge for raping his sister. “Speak truth to power” originates with David. Ally has been married to John for 30 years and they have five children. God called him "a man … God was preparing him to serve a king. He was the father of Solomon and united the tribes of Israel. Saul was king at that time, but the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul and came upon David (1Samuel 16). The promise that David's house and throne would be established eternally is important because it is a prophecy concerning the coming Messiah—specifically, that He would come from the house of David (Matthew 21:9). Eventually, though, David’s forces clash with Absalom’s forces, and as he flees, “Absalom’s hair got caught in the tree” (v. 18:9). “Then David comforted his wife Bathsheba, and went in to her and lay with her; and she gave birth to a son, and he named him Solomon. He saw his son Eliab. Then she went back home.” Unfortunately for the pair, Bathsheba becomes pregnant with David’s child. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Knox, John S. "King David." Saul’s servants knew about David and they sent for him on Saul’s command to find someone who could play well. King David (c. 1000 BCE) was the Biblical ruler of ancient Israel. Written by John S. Knox, published on 18 October 2017 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. But David's prominence in Scripture is primarily due to his relationship with God. One of the more interesting moments occurs when David sneaks into a cave where Saul is relieving himself and cuts off a corner of Saul’s robe to show him that if David wanted to kill him, Saul would already be dead. Amnon probably believed he had gotten away with the rape of his half-sister because his father David was mad but did nothing about the crime. In the relentless demands of obscurity, character is built. In reality, he was in God’s training ground learning to be a king. You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. He was a powerful warrior. David was the first king in Jerusalem whose reign was later looked back on as a golden era. This city which resides in ancient Palestine comes from the Hebrew word “Yerushalayim” meaning, “foundation of peace,” or the base (yarah) of peace (shalom). Jerusalem means “king” (jeru) of “peace” (shalom), but it has been anything but a city of peace. That is why he was able to unite the Jewish people. David was “a skillful musician, a mighty man of valor, a warrior, one prudent in speech, a handsome man,” and the LORD was with him. Knox, John S. "King David." As with his successor, King Solomon, little evidence has been uncovered to prove the historical existence of King David; however, recently discovered direct and indirect evidence provides greater substantiation for David's life and kingship (although little to back up the Biblical assertions and specific events during his reign). Of all the people who have lived, God has given David a special place in His heart. A former shepherd, David was renowned for his passion for God, his touching psalms and musical abilities, his inspiring courage and expertise in warfare, his good looks and illicit relationship with Bathsheba, and his ancestral connections to Jesus of Nazareth in the New Testament. But of all the kings of Israel and Judah, David is the king most people recognize. Expecting a reward, instead the soldier receives an execution with David asking, “Why weren’t you afraid to lift your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed?” (v. 2 Samuel 1:14). The ending of the book is distressing. The book ends with David enjoying more and more success on the battlefield and in his domestic life, but for Saul and his family, the tide will turn and run red at their last battle with the Philistines at Mount Gilboa. We know from Scripture that King David, when resurrected, will rule over all Israel in the Kingdom of God (Jer. 3 Reasons the 'Christmas Star' of 2020 Is Bringing So Much Hope, 10 Signs Your Marriage Is Built on Christ, Christmas Light Show Set To 'Mary Did You Know', Violinist Lindsey Stirling Performs 'Carol Of The Bells', 10 Ways to Sabotage Your Marriage (Without Realizing It), 5 Things Parents Should Know about "Soul", 9 Ways Grandparents Can Share Christmas This Year, Even from Far Away. Although David does not look like a king should look, he has the heart of a lion - a courageous spirit - and even more, a deep, unending love for God. I cut off the corner of your robe but did not kill you. David was anointed as king while Saul was still on the throne. Not only was David an adulterer, he also was a murderer and an ungrateful king who abused his position to please his loins and protect his renown. One might expect David to be jubilant about Saul’s death, but David truly never wanted Saul dead. David’s initial zeal for God and for ethical integrity paved the way for his early fame and fortune, although being a man of warfare and blood (according to the scriptures), God decided that David was not suitable to be the one to build God’s temple (that would be placed in the hands of his son, Solomon). Sure, he was an important king, but in terms of the overall storyline of the Bible, why is David such a big deal? “...Your servant was tending his father’s sheep. Then relief would come to Saul; he would feel better, and the evil spirit would leave him.”. David thereafter offers a memorial to Saul and Jonathan. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 18 Oct 2017. Related Content Did you know that more has been written about David than any other biblical character? 2 Samuel 11:4 records, “Then David sent messengers to get her. David, second king of ancient Israel and an important figure in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Under him, Israel prospered as it never had under Saul before him, and David never turned to other gods, as some of his successors would. He had many chances to kill Saul. Kings who were once allies waged war in the Siddim Valley, and during this time, Abrams nephew Lot was taken prisoner. David’s response is quite un-Saul-like, though. According to biblical tradition (and some say myth), David (c. 1035 - 970 BCE) was the second king in the ancient United Kingdom of Israel who helped establish the eternal throne of God. Over 400 years separated the final events and final prophecy recorded in the Old Testament (ca. More than by force of arms, David unified the people because he was all things to all people. Thus, the arrangement of a marriage between Saul's daughter Michal and David is more about Saul's desire to ensnare or ultimately assassinate David than a holy union, ironically. Of course, there was the sin with Bathsheba, the murder of her husband Uriah, and the subsequent cover-up. Life without a break…without the wine and roses. It was David’s success as a mighty warrior that fueled Saul’s jealousy. First, poor Uriah gets killed. Books Goliath stares down at the small, young man, and chides, “Am I a dog, that you come at me with sticks?” (v. 17:43). Third, any loyalty of Joab to David is gone. John and Ally serve as leaders in Re-Engage at Watermark Community Church, Dallas, Texas. The nation of Israel was living in turbulent spiritual times. What Is the David Connection? King David died from natural causes around 970 BCE, was buried in Jerusalem, and, as suggested in the Hebrew and Greek scriptures, facilitated the establishment of the kingdom of Israel through his piety and lineage. Samuel, who has been so depressed over King Saul, finds hope and blessing in the young shepherd from Bethlehem in Judea. This is a great show of the power Abram had (see reference to his 318 trained fighting men), we sometimes for… Saul collapses, a broken and self- ruined man who only heaped innocent bloodshed atop his arrogant, disobedient acts. As Absalom’s conspiracy and its support grows, David flees from the forces of Absalom, not wanting to kill his son. Stunned, David is also met with news from an Amalekite (a descendant of Esau, son of Isaac the Patriarch) that the man killed Saul, taking his crown and armband for David. David’s choice to stay back was poor leadership and wasn’t his usual practice. However, the final two chapters offer a poetical homage to God and to his men. 424 B.C.) He humbly replies, “I have sinned against the Lord.” Nathan then informs him that his sins are forgiven, but their child of sin is going to die. In consideration of David’s frequent success and amazing skills in his service, King Saul promoted David, who continued to amaze his men and all Israel. He pursued David for the rest of his life. The text does not lay the blame on any one person (somewhat like the Fall in Genesis); however, as bad as things are for the adulterous couple, it is only going to get worse. When a lion or a bear came and took a lamb from the flock, I went after him and attacked him, and rescued it from his mouth; and when he rose up against me, I seized him by his beard and struck him and killed him." If he had so chosen, he could have lived in luxury and ease. David was king, and his land was at peace. Left dangling, Joab slays Absalom and buries his body in a deep pit in the wilderness. Saul is critically wounded, and pleads for a nearby Israelite soldier to kill him, afraid of torture or molestation if he is found alive. Before they part, Saul asks David to swear that he will not kill off Saul’s children, which David easily does. 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