The beech tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown. Seeds of the deciduous tree. The tree fell in 1916 and had a girth of 28-1/2 feet. The American Beech Tree (Fagus gradifolia) is native to the United States and is particularly abundant throughout the State of Georgia. Flowers and Fruit The American beech flowers in the early spring just as its leaves are unfolding. The European species Fagus sylvatica yields a utility timber that is tough but dimensionally unstable. Handsome foliage develops a golden bronze color in the fall. Beech trees are tall, round-headed, and wide-spreading. Does not tolerate wet or compacted soil; drought sensitive and must be watered well in dry periods. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acidic or basic, provided they are not waterlogged; but prefers chalky soils and limestone. Follow the trunk up to find ovate leaves with points along the sides, about 2 to 6 inches long. A glass bowl of fresh autumn fruit on white wash beech wood rustic look background. Autumn fruit harvest. Its leaves are simple, alternate, and oval with widely-spaced, serrated edges. Add Tip Ask Question Comment Download. Beech tree fruit on a light table. Tolerant of higher pH soils than American beech. They are slightly triangular in appearance, and usually have what appears to be small hairs coming from their husks. Best in full sun to part shade in well drained soils. They are native to temperate Europe, Asia and North America. American beech is a long-lived, slow-growing tree that can reach tall heights (60 to 100 feet), large diameters (3 to 4 feet) and grow massive, dense crowns; however, it is likely best known for its smooth, gray bark – a favorite for carving initials. Step 2: Look for Leaves. American Beech Tree Bark, Leaf, Flowers, Fruit & Nut Identification & Facts. The male flowers are small and yellow and clustered together into ball-like structures. Beech nuts are the fruit of the Beech tree, and tend to be small, making them difficult to find. Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae. There are 13 species of beech. The thin bark is smooth and steel-gray in colour. There was a Beech tree on the old stage road between Blountville and Jonesborough, Tennessee that had an inscription carved into the trunk that read "D. Boone Cilled A Bar On Tree In Year 1760." They are small, roughly triangular and edible, with a bitter, astringent, or mild and nut-like taste. Beech (Fagus sp.) Identifying Beech Trees. The toothed parallel-veined leaves are shiny green and are borne alternately along the stem. Introduction: American beech is a distinctive and elegant forest tree in Kentucky and throughout eastern North America.In early spring new leaves emerge from buds as feathery tassels. Space for text Trees reach 50 to 60 feet high and 35 to 45 feet wide. Apples, grapes, plums. These leaves decompose relatively slowly and are, therefore, found in thick layers on the soil surface beneath the trees. The leaves of beech trees are used Beech trees are antibacterial, and they were traditionally used by Native Americans for treating tuberculosis. American beech's graceful, spreading form is superior to other beeches and is attractive throughout the year. Tree & Plant Care. Beech trees grow in abundance on our land, and we forage edible and nutritious beechnuts each fall. To identify a beech tree, look for a tree with smooth grey bark. The leaves are shiny green in the summer, and turn copper-colored in the fall. Yellow-green male flowers hang from threadlike stems. Light background, autumn, beechnut, brown, closeup, dry, fagus, sylvatica, fall, forest. The fruit of the beech tree, known as beechnuts or mast, is found in small burrs that drop from the tree in autumn. Those same antibacterial leaves are also used as a poultice for burns. 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