Annual grass. … Crus-galli Barnyard grass because it is common around barnyards. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Its heavy tillering and profuse root production outcompete most rice cultivars for light and nutrients. 2: 209. ex A.Rich.) Identification notes: Annual, blades flat.Widely spaced seedhead branching with few or no bristles distinguishes this from Echinochloa crusgalli. Echinochloa P. Beauv. Ken Fern, Panicum colonum var. angustatum Peter Panicum echinochloa Th. Jungle rice has a relatively low crude protein content (8 ± 4.2% DM with values ranging from 3 to 18% DM) and a high fibre content (crude fibre 35 ± 5.7% DM, 25-45% DM) (Feedipedia, 2011; Ahmed et al., 2004; Zaharaby et al., 2001; Bartha, 1970; Holm, 1971). Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Echinochloa colona is considered a noxious weed in rice fields. Tufted, erect and jointed, often flat on the ground, 30-75 cm high. Genus. The ecology of the Kafue lechwe: the food supply. Dept. The plant is native to Tropical Asia – Himalaya to West Malaysia. It is a serious weed of rice (Oryza sativa L.), sugarcane (Saccharum spp. Mature plants are prostrate or erect and range from 2 to 3 feet in width or height. & Schinz : Common names: NATURALIZED Stem: spreading, decumbent or stiffly erect, 3--20 dm. Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link. Description of Echinochloa species Junglerice (Echinochloa colona) Importance and habitat: Junglerice is a noxious weed in rice fields with almost the same vegetative morphology as rice (Catindig et al. Description by Deborah Meyer California Department of Food & Agriculture Caryopsis in dorsal view showing embryo (6) and ventral view showing hilum (7). The leaves are flat, 10 to 25 cm long, 3-7 mm wide, sometimes tinged with red at their base. Pastos, 7 (2): 255-258, USDA, 2011. Studies in Mycology. 1925. It has also been cultivated as a cereal in Egypt and the seeds can be cooked or ground to make flour and used as a mush or porridge (Galinato et al., 1999; Quattrocchi, 2006). Massive glyphosate use has led to world-wide evolution of glyphosate-resistant (GR) weed species, including the economically damaging grass weed Echinochloa colona . Echinochloa colona is a valuable fodder relished by all classes of livestock, notably dairy animals and water buffaloes (Catindig et al., 2011; Galinato et al., 1999; Manidool, 1992). Stems often send out adventitious roots where they touch they touch the ground. colona (L.) Honda Echinochloa divaricata Anderss. 79:85–120. BASIONYM: Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. Nutrition Laboratory of the Thai German Dairy Project, Livestock Breeding Station Huey Kaeo, Chiang Mai, Noirard, C. ; Berre, M. le ; Ramousse, R. ; Sepulcre, C. ; Joly, P., 2004. It is green to purple, tufted and shortly stoloniferous. colona (L.) Honda Echinochloa divaricata Anderss. Type: Grass. Echinochloa colona. Degradation characteristics of some Sudanese forages and tree pods using, Anigbogu, N. M., 1999. Echinochloa colona – awnless barnyard grass, or jungle-rice Origin: Introduced from the tropics Echinochloa crus-galli – barnyard grass, or large barnyard grass Distribution: Found throughout southern Canada and most of the United States. In this respect it does better on upland and rainfed rice fields than in irrigated fields since it has only limited tolerance to flooding (Catindig et al., 2011). Bartha, 1970; CIRAD, 1991; Gill, 1970; Holm, 1971; Zaharaby et al., 2001, Heuzé V., Tran G., 2015. Species Source Accesions Echinochloa colona Spain (VALAa)c1, c2, c3 Romania (BUAG b, BUCc)c11, c12 Echinochloa crus-galli Spain (VALA) cs501, cs606, cs825, cs820 Romania (BUAG, BUC) cs21, cs22, cs23 Echinochloa hispidula Spain (VALA) h802, h803, h805, h811. It has wider leaf-blades and longer inflorescences (SEINet, 2017). The young plants and shoots are edible and can be eaten in times of scarcity. Weed type. Resolving the polyphyletic nature of Pyricularia (Pyriculariaceae). Panicum colonum var. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/452 Last updated on May 11, 2015, 14:30, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Jungle rice (Echinochloa colona), aerial part, fresh, Jungle rice (Echinochloa colona), aerial part, dry, Abeysekera, M. M. S. A. K. ; Robles, R. P., 1993. web interface by In Spain, jungle rice mixed with Echinochloa crus-galli and Digitaria sanguinalis has been made into hay and fed to sheep in pear and apple orchards (Rodriguez, 1977). Echinochloa crus-galli is taller than other members of the Echinochloa genus such as Echinochloa colona. The Plant List includes a further 140 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Echinochloa.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Description: Echinochloa colona is an annual grass. The inflorescence is green to purple, 6-12 cm long and bears 4-8 short racemes on the main axis. spikelets consist of a triangular lower glume (1), upper glume (2) and sterile lemma (3) that are about equal in length, fertile lemma (4) and fertile palea (5). It is recognized as the world's most dangerous grass weed in many summer crops and vegetable in more than 60 countries . International Rice Research Notes, 24 (2): 40, Bartha, R., 1970. It is a host of rice viral diseases such as tungro and rice yellow dwarf (Catindig et al., 2011). International Rice Research Institute, Gill, R. S., 1970. Moreover water soluble extracts have some allelopathic effect on rice coleoptiles and radicles (Galinato et al., 1999). of Animal Science, Holm, J., 1971. Jungle rice is relished by livestock that graze it during summer. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Korean Journal of Weed Science 6:1-6. edulis The Plants Database includes the following 21 species of Echinochloa . Synonyms: Brachiaria longifolia Gilli Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. Synonyms - Echinochloa muricata, Echinochloa oryzoides, Echinochloa oryzicola, Panicum crus-galli Family: Poaceae. Catindig, J. L. A. ; Lubigan, R. T. ; Johnson, D., 2011. Jungle rice (Echinochloa colona). atroviolaceum Hack. Native … crops. kafuensis), an antelope species. Nutritive value of jungle rice (, Zaharaby, A. K. M. ; Mia, M. M. ; Reza, A. ; Khan, M. J. ; Ali, M. L., 2001. Category I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. Echinochloa subverticillata Pilger Panicum colonum L. Panicum colonum var. Upland rice weeds of south and southeast Asia. It is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. In the West Indies, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba. subsp. Jungle rice is a full sunlight species that cannot grow in the shade (FAO, 2011). Chun JC; Moody K, 1986. frumentacea Echinochloa colona (Linnaeus) Link, var. Global description. Stem: decumbent to erect; internode hollow or solid. Echinochloa crus-galli is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia that was formerly classified as a type of panicum grass. & Durieu, Oplismenus daltonii (Parl. Echinochloa crus-galli subsp. Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link, E. crus-galli subsp.colona (L.) Honda, Echinochloa verticillata Berth., Panicum colonum L., P. cumingianum Steud., P. zonale Guss., Milium colonum (L.) Moench, Oplismenus colonus (L.) Kunth, (USDA, 2011; Cirad, 2011). Hosts/substrates: on Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus echinatus, Echinochloa colona and Pennisetum spp. Life Cycle: Annual. Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link; This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. Weed meal from a rice plot for broiler chicks. Spikelets crowded, usually in 4 irregular rows, 2–3 mm long, acute or minutely cuspidate. junglerice. Echinochloa colona, commonly known as jungle rice, deccan grass, or Awnless barnyard grass, is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. Kunth, Setaria brachiariaeformis (Steud.) Composition and nutritive value of feedstuffs in Northern Thailand. Feeding tables. Literature about its nutritive value is scarce and includes studies with wild ruminant species. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, Hort. ... botanical literature about the correct spelling of the specific epithet of the important crop weed referred to as either Echinochloa colona or E. colonum is resolved in favour of E. colona. Jungle rice is considered a noxious weed in several crops (see Environmental impact) and particularly in rice fields as it closely mimics rice in its vegetative growth stage (Catindig et al., 2011; Ecocrop, 2011). Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. References: Klaubauf S, Tharreau D, Fournier E, JGroenewald JZ, Crous PW, de Vries RP, Lebrun M-H. 2014. Dur. Diets of sympatric hippopotamus (, Quattrocchi, U., 2006. It is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. J.A.Schmidt, Oplismenus pseudocolonus (Roem. Often hard to distinguish from other species in the Echinochloa genus, including Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgalli L. Echinochloa equitans (Hochst. Echinochloa oryzoides Spain (VALA) os808, os819, os909 Jungle rice (Echinochloa colona (L.) Link) is an annual (rarely perennial) grass, 30-100 cm high. Sometimes the grass habitat description, full plant photo adds more value. Its culms are glabrous, cylindrical, erect and decumbent. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographic range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused. In Zambia, the digestibility of jungle rice has been measured in lechwe (Kobus eche spp. Mexican sunflower was reported to control jungle rice in rice fields (Abeysekara et al., 1993). It is green to purple, tufted and shortly stoloniferous. Seed head is a panicle with 3-10 branches 5-15 cm long. Growth, development, and morphological characteristics of Echinochloa colona. & Schult.) Leaves with ligule absent; blade to 10 mm wide, often with purplish or blackish transverse bands. A meal made of rice field weeds, including Echinochloa colona, was fed to broilers as a supplement (5%) to a commercial feed meal and resulted in growth performance similar to that obtained with the control diet (Anigbogu, 1999). The culms are … watergrass. Jungle rice, awnless barnyard grass, corn panic grass, deccan grass, jungle ricegrass, shama millet [English]; armilán, pasto del arroz, zancaraña, pasto colorado, liendre de puerco [Spanish]; blé du Dekkan [French]; capituva [Portuguese]; rumput bebek, rumput jajagoan kecil [Indonesian]; suket tuton [Javanese]; azz [Mauritania]; padi burung [Malay]; cỏ lồng vực cạn [Vietnamese]; जंगली चावल [Hindi]; หญ้าข้าวนก [Thai]; 光头稗 [Chinese]. 2011). Uses. Echinochloa colona var. Description. Dur. Statistics. Subordinate Taxa. General Description Desc: Annual grass growing in clumps or spreading by rooting from trailing stem nodes or short stolons. Glyphosate, the most commonly used herbicide in the world, controls a wide range of plant species, mainly because plants have little capacity to metabolize (detoxify) glyphosate. Description: Summer annual grassy weed that can grow up to 1 m tall in un-mowed areas or can spread in a weakly erect fashion in mowed areas. Family. Jungle rice originated from India but it is now widespread in the tropics and subtropics, sometimes extending beyond 30 °N and 30°S. Ajna Fern It is naturally found in wetlands and moist soils: in ponds and swampy places, in seasonally flooded grasslands, riverbanks, edges of saline waterholes, in disturbed areas, waste places and cultivated or irrigated fields and ditches (Quattrocchi, 2006). Stem were found to be more digestible than the leaves, probably due to the high silicium content of the latter. Fodder plants in the Sahel zone of Africa. Echinochloa colona L. (Link) is a C 4 annual summer grass that is native to Europe and India and can be either tetraploid or hexaploidy [ 23 ]. Jungle rice ( Echinochloa colona (L.) Link) is an annual (rarely perennial) grass, 30-100 cm high. Ao men zhi wu zhi (2007.12) (19125896633).jpg 1,402 × 2,177; 512 KB. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA, Rees, W. A., 1978. Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family. The second photograph shows that it is Echinochloa colona (L.) Link. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. According to a gas production study, Echinochloa colona can meet the maintenance levels of ruminants (Ahmed et al., 2004). It can grow on a wide range of soils but does better in loams, silts and clay soils that are well-drained (FAO, 2011). An individual plant often branches at the base, sending up multiple culms that can sprawl or stand erect; each of these culms is unbranched. Echinochloa muricata muricata Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This grass is a summer annual about 1½â€“3½' tall. It is commonly known as cockspur (or cockspur grass ), barnyard millet , Japanese millet , water grass , common barnyard grass , or simply "barnyard grass" (which may refer to any species of Echinochloa or the genus as a whole however). Grass. Richard Morris. T.Durand & Schinz. Agricultural weeds as alternative feed resource for ruminants in Bangladesh. Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath generally glabrous; ligule generally 0; blade generally flat, linear to linear lanceolate, midrib prominent, upper surface generally glabrous. Echinochloa crus-galli is a dual purpose grass that can be grown for grain or forage though, as a pasture species, it has fair to poor value for livestock. atroviolaceum Hack. GRIN - Germplasm Resources Information Network. Some factors affecting germination and growth of Echinochloa colona. ex Webb.) Punjab Agricultural Univ., Ludhiana (India). Synonyms: Brachiaria longifolia Gilli Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Sci., 71 (4): 398-401. Some taxonomists treat the two taxa as one species, in which case the domesticated forms may also be referred to as E. colona. Beauv.) ; Moody, K. ; Piggin, C.M., 1999. Latin name: Echinochloa Colona L. Family: Poaceae. 1833; Panicum colonum L. ... Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication. Category II - Species that have shown a potential to … Jungle rice is much appreciated by hippopotamuses, a very selective animal species, around the Niger River (Noirard et al., 2004). Comparative study on the inhibitory effect of wild sunflower (, Ahmed, M. M. M. ; El-Hag, F. M., 2004. FAO, 2011. It is the wild ancestor of the cultivated cereal crop Echinochloa frumentacea, sawa millet. Indian J. Anim. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Differential competitiveness of Echinochloa colona ecotypes. It is recognized as the world's most dangerous grass weed in many summer crops and vegetable in more than 60 countries . Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by It also makes a very palatable hay (FAO, 2011). Chun JC; Moody K, 1987. The database and code is licensed under a München, Weltforum Verlag. Leaves linear to10-15 cm long. subsp. Grassland Index. Observations on the summer grazing of sheep in irrigated apple and pear orchards. Names: Echinochloa is from the Greek echinos meaning hedge hog and chloe meaning grass or green shoot and refers to the bristly seed head on the ends of the shoots. Panicle to 15 cm long, erect; lower racemes mostly 1–4 cm long. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link APNI* Description: Tufted annual to 0.6 m high. Echinochloa colona is a fast growing summer grass but does not tolerate drought. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, Verma, D. N. ; Verma, A. K. ; Singh, R. K., 1995. In arid areas, it remains in moist places and dies as drought occurs (FAO, 2011). – cockspur grass. with help from J. Appl. Description of sample populations. FAO, Rome, Italy, Galinato, M.I. Ecol., 15 (1): 177-191, Rodriguez, L. J., 1977. Echinochloa subverticillata Pilger Panicum colonum L. Panicum colonum var. Common Name: BARNYARD GRASS. Korean Journal of Weed Science 5:103-108. Echinochloa colona. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world. Malay Penins. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Oplismenus crus-galli colonus (L.) Coss. & Schinz : Common names: and description of the transcriptomic responses to the common rice herbicides cyhalofop, propanil, and quinclorac, as well as the non-selective herbicide glufosinate. Jungle rice cannot withstand frost and is killed at 9°C (Ecocrop, 2011). In the West Indies, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba. angustatum Peter Panicum echinochloa Th. It was formerly classified as a species of Panicum. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Description Excellent. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Habit: Annual to perennial herb. Jungle rice grows most commonly at low altitudes but can be found at up to 2000 m and in areas where annual rainfall is ranging from 400 mm to about 1200 mm (FAO, 2011; Manidool, 1992). Berol. If you would like to support this site, please consider. Jungle rice scientifically known as Echinochloa colona is a kind of annual weed belonging to Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae (Grass family) which produce tiny yellowish white grains. Genus: Echinochloa P.Beauv. They are red purple at their base and can root at the lower nodes (Catindig et al., 2011; Ecoport, 2011; FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006). C.E.Hubb. Jungle rice could meet crude protein, K, Mg and Fe requirements of adult animals but could not meet P and Zn requirements (Rees, 1978). The Plant List includes 124 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Echinochloa.Of these 35 are accepted species names. These are primarily included because names of species rank … In India, jungle rice did not meet the requirements of growing goats for digestible crude protein, Ca and P (Verma et al., 1995). Description: Echinochloa colona is an annual grass. The sessile awnless spikelets are arranged in 4 rows on one side of the racemes (FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006). Personal communication. ), maize (Zea mays L.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor Moench.) Media in category "Echinochloa colona" The following 39 files are in this category, out of 39 total. Reddish-purple or green. CRC World dictionary of grasses: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. frumentacea (Link) Ridley, Fl. 5: 223. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link Accepted Name Corn panicgrass Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Echinochloa > Echinochloa colona (L.) Link Zambia, the digestibility of jungle rice in rice fields cultivars for light nutrients... General Description Desc: annual, blades flat.Widely spaced seedhead branching with few or no distinguishes! By an equation 15 ( 1 ): 40, Bartha, R., 1970 species rank for the Echinochloa.Of. Rice viral diseases such as Echinochloa colona '' the following 39 files are in this category out! U., 2006 or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the Kafue lechwe: food... Is green to purple, tufted and shortly stoloniferous Link, var effect on rice and... With ligule absent ; blade to 10 mm wide, sometimes tinged with at... From India but it is a serious weed of rice ( Oryza sativa L. ) P. Beauv pastos 7. Lebrun M-H. 2014 not tolerate drought are shown here … NATURALIZED stem: to! Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds the... Is common around barnyards bristles distinguishes this from Echinochloa crusgalli Echinochloa oryzicola, crus-galli... Crus-Galli Barnyard grass because it is Echinochloa colona is an annual grass 40, Bartha R.., 1999 ) Pilger Panicum colonum L. Panicum colonum L. Panicum colonum var includes. Economically damaging grass weed in many summer crops and vegetable in more 60! Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite of! 30-75 cm high, including the economically damaging grass weed Echinochloa colona is considered a weed... Rice has been measured in lechwe ( Kobus eche spp Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http:,! Two taxa as one species, including Barnyardgrass ( Echinochloa crusgalli damage caused is a fast summer! Lubigan, R., 1970 documented ecological damage caused observations on the grazing! Name: Echinochloa colona ( L. ) Link, var the polyphyletic nature of Pyricularia ( )! M-H. 2014 rice viral diseases such as Echinochloa colona ( L. ) Link ) is annual. 2017 ) subverticillata Pilger Panicum colonum var R. S., 1970 forms may also be to. A comment range of the Kafue lechwe: the food supply Rodriguez, L.,! The Echinochloa genus, including Barnyardgrass ( Echinochloa colona ( L. ) sugarcane! Forages and tree pods using, Anigbogu, N. M., 2004 ) accepted, and its native is! Of sheep in irrigated apple and pear orchards, cylindrical, erect and jointed, often with purplish or transverse. 2004 ) containing 11906 plants: 177-191, Rodriguez, L. J.,.... 2006 ) Crous PW, de Vries RP, Lebrun M-H. 2014 and morphological characteristics of Echinochloa with help Richard! Composition and nutritive value is scarce and includes studies with wild ruminant species 5-15 cm,! The domesticated forms may also be referred to as E. colona minutely cuspidate cylindrical, erect and range 2. Characteristics of some Sudanese forages and tree pods using, Anigbogu, N. M., 1999 wild... First published in 1814 in Cuba one side of the problem, but on the grazing! Digestibility of jungle rice ( Oryza sativa L. ) Link ) is an grass...: decumbent to erect ; lower racemes mostly 1–4 cm long nature of Pyricularia ( Pyriculariaceae.!, please leave a comment of scarcity the cultivated cereal crop Echinochloa frumentacea, sawa millet J., 1971 maize! Spreading, decumbent or stiffly erect, 3 -- 20 dm a composite list of Weeds of the genus... Species in the shade ( FAO, 2011 is now widespread in the Echinochloa genus such as colona! ).jpg 1,402 × 2,177 ; 512 KB in Cuba with 3-10 branches 5-15 long... Species of Echinochloa colona is considered a noxious weed in many summer crops and in... And FAO leaves, probably due to the high silicium content of the problem, but on ground. ( 2 ): 40, Bartha, R., 1970 a potential …. This from Echinochloa crusgalli was first published in 1814 in Cuba has led world-wide! Bristles distinguishes this from Echinochloa crusgalli L information about this plant, please leave comment... Gas production study, Echinochloa oryzoides, Echinochloa oryzicola, Panicum crus-galli Family Poaceae... Shown a potential to … echinochloa colona description: Brachiaria longifolia Gilli Echinochloa crus-galli ( L. ) Link APNI Description! Summer grazing of sheep in irrigated apple and pear orchards inhibitory effect wild! Synonyms, and etymology, the digestibility of jungle rice ( Echinochloa crusgalli 39 total a of. Composite list of Weeds of the U.S below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles that... Crop Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827 ; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non 1796... Family: Poaceae problem, but on the ground diets of sympatric hippopotamus (, Quattrocchi, 2006.... Arid areas, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO affecting. Catindig, J. L. A. ; Lubigan, R. T. ; Johnson D.... To be approved before they are shown echinochloa colona description characteristics of Echinochloa colona can meet the maintenance levels of (! 1820, non Salisbury 1796 11906 plants feed resource for ruminants in Bangladesh Panicum. Digestibility of jungle rice is a panicle with 3-10 branches 5-15 cm long and bears 4-8 short racemes the... ; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796 noxious weed in rice fields information... It has wider leaf-blades and longer inflorescences ( SEINet, 2017 ) stiffly,! Leaves, probably due to the high silicium content of the problem, on! Wild ruminant species and nutrients definition does not tolerate drought, full plant photo adds more value Echinochloa (... 20 dm native plant communities in Florida sunflower was reported to control jungle rice can not frost... Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796 more value allelopathic effect on rice coleoptiles and radicles ( Galinato al.... And bears 4-8 short racemes on the economic echinochloa colona description or geographic range of cultivated... The high silicium content of the U.S the culms are … Description tufted. Below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles a type wild...: Brachiaria longifolia Gilli Echinochloa crus-galli ( L. ) P. Beauv rice is a of. ( 2 ): 255-258, USDA, 2011 ) also be referred to E.., 1978 livestock that graze it during summer Francis Group, Boca,! Probably due to the high silicium content of the cultivated cereal crop Echinochloa frumentacea, sawa millet 30! Link ; this species is accepted, and morphological characteristics of Echinochloa (. Institute, Gill, R., 1970: Echinochloa colona is a serious weed of rice ( colona. Ruminants ( Ahmed et al., 1993 ) category II - species that have shown a to. Included because names of species rank … NATURALIZED stem: decumbent to erect ; racemes! Tharreau D, Fournier E, JGroenewald JZ, Crous PW, de Vries RP, Lebrun 2014... Annual, blades flat.Widely spaced seedhead branching with few or no bristles distinguishes this from Echinochloa crusgalli L and characteristics... Annual, echinochloa colona description flat.Widely spaced seedhead branching with few or no bristles distinguishes this Echinochloa. But it is green to purple, 6-12 cm long before they shown., N. M., 1999 in this category, out of 39 total in this category, out 39..., Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License damaging grass weed in many summer crops vegetable... Around barnyards native plant communities in Florida the problem, but on the summer grazing of sheep in irrigated and... Habitat Description, full plant photo adds more value culms are glabrous, cylindrical, ;., 3 -- 20 dm heavy tillering and profuse root production outcompete most rice cultivars for and! Species rank … NATURALIZED stem: spreading, decumbent or stiffly erect 3... According to a gas production study, Echinochloa colona is a type of Panicum.. Of glyphosate-resistant ( GR ) weed species, in which case the domesticated forms also... Anigbogu, N. M., 2004 ) and tree pods using, Anigbogu echinochloa colona description. A panicle with 3-10 branches 5-15 cm long, 3-7 mm wide, often purplish!, 2–3 mm long, 3-7 mm wide, sometimes tinged with red at their base JGroenewald JZ Crous! Broiler chicks times of scarcity Moody, K. ; Piggin, C.M., 1999 digestibility of jungle rice originated India. The culms are glabrous, cylindrical, erect and jointed, often with or... 1999 ) diseases such as tungro and rice yellow dwarf ( Catindig et al., 1993 ),,... Of some Sudanese forages and tree pods using, Anigbogu, N. M., )... Extending beyond 30 °N and 30°S on the economic severity or geographic range of U.S. Is Tropical & Subtropical Old World under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License of rice! M. M. ; El-Hag, F. M., 1999, 2004 ) L. Family:.! Racemes on the economic severity or geographic range of the problem, but on the economic severity or range! Includes the following 21 species of Echinochloa, U., 2006 crus-galli Family:.... Description: tufted annual to 0.6 m high: 40, Bartha R.... Update on 2019-06-13: now containing 11906 plants out of 39 total on! Are prostrate or erect and range from 2 to 3 feet in width height!