Making an amphibious clockwise turning movement around the Confederate Army in northern Virginia, McClellan's forces turned west to move up the Virginia Peninsula, between the James River and York River, landing from Chesapeake Bay, with the Confederate capital, Richmond, as their objective. For this reason, some of his Southern colleagues approached him informally about siding with the Confederacy, but he could not accept the concept of secession. He served as the leader of the Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War, and briefly as the General-in-Chief for the United States Union Army. [25], McClellan's first military operations were to occupy the area of western Virginia that wanted to remain in the Union and subsequently became the state of West Virginia. Insignie Hodnost Složka armády datum Brevet 2. poručík: Řádná armáda: 2. července 1846 2. When the public heard about the Galena, it was yet another great embarrassment, comparable to the Quaker Guns at Manassas. We'll publish them on our site once we've reviewed them. [4] The couple had five children: Frederica, John, George, Arthur and Mary. There is no man in the Army who can man these fortifications and lick these troops of ours into shape half as well as he. [2] His father's family was of Scottish and English heritage. George Brinton McClellan- one of the Civil War's most controversial and disliked generals- has been the subject of scorn and derision for decades. His subordinate commander, William S. Rosecrans, bitterly complained that his attack was not reinforced as McClellan had agreed. Although Lincoln believed his plan was superior, he was relieved that McClellan finally agreed to begin moving, and reluctantly approved. McClellan selected Yakima Pass (.mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}47°20′11″N 121°25′57″W / 47.3365°N 121.4324°W / 47.3365; -121.4324) without a thorough reconnaissance and refused the governor's order to lead a party through it in winter conditions, relying on faulty intelligence about the depth of snowpack in that area. The Union defeat at the minor Battle of Ball's Bluff near Leesburg in October added to the frustration and indirectly damaged McClellan. George B. McClellan (1826-1885) was an American soldier and politician, best known for his service in the American Civil War, where he was a major general in the Union Army. Storm Over the Land: A Profile of the Civil War. He waved the order at his old Army friend, Brig. The outnumbered Confederate forces however fought desperately and well. Abraham Lincoln and George B McClellan in the general's tent, … He chafed at the boredom of peacetime garrison service, although he greatly enjoyed the social life. General McClellan radiates a kind of raw power and able-ness, which needs to be refined and enhanced by his clothing. He complained that he had arrived too late to take any part in the American victory at Monterrey in September. [100] Second, that as the radical Republicans were the true winners coming out of the Civil War, they were able to write its history, placing their principal political rival of the time, McClellan, in the worst possible light. Isaac Stevens, governor of the Washington Territory, became dissatisfied with McClellan's performance in his scouting of passes across the Cascade Range. Young George entered school at the age of 5. [80] Prior to his return in September 1868, the Democratic Party had expressed some interest in nominating him for president again, but Ulysses S. Grant became the Republican candidate in May 1868, and this interest died. His father was a doctor and a Democrat and George became the latter. [81] He attended private schools and a prep school before entering the Military Academy at West Point in 1842. For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for, Note: preferences and languages are saved separately in https mode. Photos:203. McClellan's wife, Ellen, died in Nice, France in 1915 while visiting May at her home "Villa Antietam". On September 2, 1862, Lincoln named McClellan to command "the fortifications of Washington, and all the troops for the defense of the capital". Wikisource: McClellans Wahlkampfschlager 1864 „Little Mac! On August 8, believing that the Confederacy had over 100,000 troops facing him (in contrast to the 35,000 they had actually deployed at Bull Run a few weeks earlier), he declared a state of emergency in the capital. in 1905), and became a newspaper reporter and editor in New York City. McClellan was thus required to give chase without any benefit of the heavy artillery so carefully amassed in front of Yorktown. In doing so, he demonstrated a tendency for insubordination toward senior political figures. Early in the conflict, McClellan was appointed to the rank of major general and played an important role in raising a well-trained and organized army, which would become the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater; he served a brief period (November 1861 to March 1862) as Commanding General of the United States Army of the Union Army. He identified himself with the Tammany Hall organization, and in 1889-1892 was treasurer of the New York and Brooklyn Bridge under the city government. [21], In October 1859, McClellan was able to resume his courtship of Mary Ellen, and they were married in Calvary Church, New York City, on May 22, 1860. On March 11, 1862, Lincoln removed McClellan as general-in-chief, leaving him in command of only the Army of the Potomac, ostensibly so that McClellan would be free to devote all his attention to the move on Richmond. [49] During this time, General Johnston was able to provide Magruder with reinforcements, but even then there were far fewer troops than McClellan believed were opposite him. After the defeat of Pope at Second Bull Run, President Lincoln reluctantly returned to the man who had mended a broken army before. A graduate of West Point, McClellan served with distinction during the Mexican–American War (1846–1848), and later left the Army to work on railroads until the outbreak of the American Civil War (1861–1865). He reported to Washington that he faced 200,000 Confederates, perhaps due to a false report on the arrival of another Confederate army P.G.T. Stephen W. Sears: George B. McClellan: The Young Napoleon, New York 1988. George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was an American soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician who served as the 24th Governor of New Jersey. As noted by historians such as Stotelmyer the significance of the Union victory at South Mountain should not be underestimated. He established a supply base on the Pamunkey River (a navigable tributary of the York River) at White House Landing where the Richmond and York River Railroad extending to Richmond crossed, and commandeered the railroad, transporting steam locomotives and rolling stock to the site by barge.[52]. I feel I have done all that can be asked in twice saving the country. [60] Lincoln and Stanton also offered command of the Army of the Potomac to Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside, who refused the appointment.[61]. I feel some little pride in having, with a beaten & demoralized army, defeated Lee so utterly. Historians have faulted McClellan for accepting the cautious advice about saving his reserves, such as when a significant breakthrough in the center of the Confederate line could have been exploited, but Fitz John Porter is said to have told McClellan, "Remember, General, I command the last reserve of the last Army of the Republic. George McClellan war der Sohn des gleichnamigen Generals, Präsidentschaftskandidaten von 1864 und Gouverneurs von New Jersey, George B. McClellan (1826–1885). Write your review. Despite his successes and lucrative salary ($10,000 per year), he was frustrated with civilian employment and continued to study classical military strategy assiduously. Despite this initial show of bravado, McClellan soon became faced with the fact that Lee's order was now obsolete, missing the first two sections and was not clear on troop numbers. Oktober 1885) war ein amerikanischer Soldat, Bauingenieur, Eisenbahn Exekutive und Politiker. His family moved within the upper ranks of Philadelphia society. [6] After two years at the university, he changed his goal to military service. As the war progressed, there were various calls to return McClellan to an important command, following the Union defeats at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, as Robert E. Lee moved north at the start of the Gettysburg campaign, and as Jubal Early threatened Washington in 1864. Er zeichnete sich als ausgezeichneter Offizier aus, schätzte im Krieg seine Gegner jedoch oftmals als zu stark ein und zog durch sein Zögern den Krieg in die Länge. However, the subsequently formed Army of the Potomac had high morale and was extremely proud of their general, some even referring to McClellan as the savior of Washington. At Antietam, where there was nowhere for him to flee to, he fell into a paralysis of indecision. McClellan's daughter, Mary ("May") (1861–1945), married a French diplomat and spent much of her life abroad. Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside assumed command of the Army of the Potomac on November 9, 1862. "[55] Fortunately for McClellan, Lincoln never saw that inflammatory statement (at least at that time) because it was censored by the War Department telegrapher. Editorial cartoons published in the course of the 1864 presidential campaign lampooned McClellan for having preferred the safety of a ship while a battle was fought in the distance. By war's end, about 2 million men had served in… Join Facebook to connect with George B. McClellan and others you may know. He telegraphed President Lincoln: "I have the whole rebel force in front of me, but I am confident, and no time shall be lost. George B. McClellan and Civil War History. Following the example of Winfield Scott, he ran as a U.S. Army general still on active duty; he did not resign his commission until election day, November 8, 1864. The War Department was reluctant to publish his report because, just after completing it in October 1863, McClellan openly declared his entrance to the political stage as a Democrat. Although Lincoln had intended to issue the proclamation earlier, he was advised by his Cabinet to wait until a Union victory to avoid the perception that it was issued out of desperation. [5], McClellan initially intended to follow his father into the medical profession, and attended a private academy, which was followed by enrollment in a private preparatory school for the University of Pennsylvania. [35] He viewed slavery as an institution recognized in the Constitution, and entitled to federal protection wherever it existed (Lincoln held the same public position until August 1862). For the first time, he revealed his intentions to transport the Army of the Potomac by ship to Urbanna, Virginia, on the Rappahannock River, outflanking the Confederate forces near Washington, and proceeding 50 miles (80 km) overland to capture Richmond. George McClellan served as general-in-chief of the Union Army from 1861 to March 11, 1862. [69], The Union army reached Antietam Creek, to the east of Sharpsburg, on the evening of September 15. This caused him to decide on a siege of the city, which required considerable preparation. Dia adalah anak ketiga dari tujuh bersaudara pasangan Dr. George McClellan dan Elizabeth Sophia Steinmetz Brinton. A frustrated McClellan wrote to his wife before the battle, "Pope will be thrashed ... & be disposed of [by Lee]. George B. McClellan war im amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg Oberbefehlshaber über die Potomac-Armee sowie über das gesamte Unionsheer. Traveling widely, and interacting with the highest military commands and royal families, McClellan observed the siege of Sevastopol. McClellan's son, George B. McClellan Jr. (1865–1940), was born in Dresden in the Kingdom of Saxony during the family's first trip to Europe. George B. McClellan Antel (1863 - 1941) How do we create a person’s profile? George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a Major general in Union army during the American Civil War. In all his months as army commander, Major General George Brinton McClellan fought just one battle, Antietam, from start to finish. Would you like to suggest this photo as the cover photo for this article? Media in category "George B. McClellan" The following 117 files are in this category, out of 117 total. The president expressed his concern about the "vast labor" involved in the dual role of army commander and general-in-chief, but McClellan responded, "I can do it all. [14], McClellan returned to West Point to command his engineering company, which was attached to the academy for the purpose of training cadets in engineering activities. McClellan was removed from command in November in the aftermath of the 1862 midterm elections. Especially the president he served Abraham Lincoln. McClellan would leave two corps behind to defend Washington. Abraham Lincoln and George B. McClellan.jpg 750 × 600; 334 KB. The number of men McClellan was actually faced varies, with Joseph Harsh in Confederate Tide Rising placing Lee's army at 112,220 men compared with the 105,857 under McClellan. George Brinton Mcclellan Jr, McClellan, George B. McClellan, George B. McClellan had hoped to use the 1st Corps to capture Glouchester Point and thus outflank the Confederate position. Mr. McClellan was born Oct. 27, 1928, in New York, N.Y., and was a son of the late Joseph F. and Katherina Reuther McClellan.He also was preceded in death by two brothers. [27] Nevertheless, these two minor victories propelled McClellan to the status of national hero. We encourage you to research and examine these records to determine their accuracy. She was designed by Harry deBerkley Parsons, as … During the Utah War against the Mormons, he considered rejoining the Army. B. McLELLAN.jpg 1,373 × 1,653; 1.98 MB. McClellan revised his plans to have his troops disembark at Fort Monroe, Virginia, and advance up the Virginia Peninsula to Richmond, an operation that would be known as the Peninsula Campaign. He had received intelligence reports on May 26 that the critical Baltimore and Ohio Railroad bridges in that portion of the state were being burned. An able administrator, a good organizer, and a popular leader, George B. McClellan had one flaw that ruined his career as a general. George B. McClellan : biography December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885 George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 October 29, 1885) was a major general during the American Civil War and the Democratic presidential nominee in 1864. Mehr sehen » George H. Pendleton. He quickly realized that he had overstepped his bounds and apologized by letter to President Lincoln. On November 1, 1861, Winfield Scott retired and McClellan became general-in-chief of all the Union armies. The appointment was controversial in the Cabinet, a majority of whom signed a petition declaring to the president "our deliberate opinion that, at this time, it is not safe to entrust to Major General McClellan the command of any Army of the United States". Beginning in 1872, he also served as the president of the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad. McClellan's army began to sail from Alexandria on March 17. He additionally notes that McClellan did not display his famed caution at the battle, as he attacked an enemy he believed outnumbered him on high ground. McClellan supported continuation of the war and restoration of the Union, but not the abolition of slavery, although the party platform, written by Copperhead leader Clement Vallandigham of Ohio, was opposed to that position. President Lincoln Meets with General McClellan. [102] And fourth, that Lincoln and Stanton deliberately undermined McClellan because of his conciliatory stance towards the South, which might have resulted in a less destructive end to the war had Richmond fallen as a result of the Peninsula Campaign. McClellan developed a complex battle plan to defeat Lee's army, as Ethan Rafuse in McClellan's War outlines "It was an excellent tactical plan that took advantage of the merits of attacks on both the left and the right, ensured that McClellan had the ability to control his army and the flexibility to respond to events and cover all contingencies." George Brinton McClellan Jr. (November 23, 1865 – November 30, 1940), was an American politician, statesman, author, historian and educator. When the General came to the corner of the principal street the ladies thronged around him. It was McClellan's practice to write his orders the night before. Historian and biographer Stephen W. Sears observed that McClellan's actions would have been "essentially sound" for a commander who was as outnumbered as McClellan thought he was, but McClellan in fact rarely had less than a two-to-one advantage over the armies that opposed him in 1861 and 1862. Bailey, Ronald H., and the Editors of Time-Life Books. Two more crises would confront McClellan before he could implement his plans. Her father was of English origin, while her mother was Pennsylvania Dutch. George H. Pendleton (um 1855–65) George Hunt Pendleton (* 19. McClellan within hours of receiving the order dispatched his cavalry to assess its accuracy. This was a risky move for a smaller army, but Lee was counting on his knowledge of McClellan's temperament. He witnessed Scott's success in balancing political with military affairs and his good relations with the civil population as he invaded, enforcing strict discipline on his soldiers to minimize damage to property. But he made no secret of his opposition to the Radical Republicans. McClellan immediately replied with a 22-page letter objecting in detail to the president's plan and advocating instead his Urbanna plan, which was the first written instance of the plan's details being presented to the president. Oktober 1885 in Orange, New Jersey) war Oberbefehlshaber des Unionsheeres im Sezessionskrieg, Gegenkandidat Abraham Lincolns bei den Präsidentschaftswahlen von 1864 und … McClellan was forced to repudiate the platform, which made his campaign inconsistent and difficult. On March 8, doubting McClellan's resolve, Lincoln again interfered with the army commander's prerogatives. McClellan assessed local defensive capabilities for the secretary. He privately referred to Lincoln, whom he had known before the war as a lawyer for the Illinois Central, as "nothing more than a well-meaning baboon", a "gorilla", and "ever unworthy of ... his high position". Nicknamed \"Young Napoleon,\" \"Little Mac\" was immensely popular with the men who served under his command. [58] In both battles, effective command of the army fell to his friend and V Corps commander Brigadier General Fitz John Porter. He attended private schools and a prep school before entering the Military Academy at West Point in 1842. The surprise appearance of Maj. Gen. Stonewall Jackson's troops in the battle (when they had last been reported to be many miles away in the Shenandoah Valley) convinced McClellan that he was even more outnumbered than he had thought. McClellan was unable to command the army personally because of a recurrence of malarial fever, but his subordinates were able to repel the attacks. McClellan blamed the story on "a set of scoundrels, who seek to keep up agitation on the frontier in order to get employment from the Govt. The Fifth Corps under Porter from the Army of the Potomac would serve with Pope during the campaign. amerikai katona, politikus és katonai szakíró. You submitted the following rating and review. Although McClellan's subordinates can claim their share of responsibility for delays (such as Ambrose Burnside's misadventures at Burnside Bridge) and blunders (Edwin V. Sumner's attack without reconnaissance), these were localized problems from which the full army could have recovered. First, McClellan proponents say that because the general was a conservative Democrat with great personal charisma, radical Republicans fearing his political potential deliberately undermined his field operations. [105] Camp McClellan, in Davenport, IA, is a former Union Army camp established in August 1861 after the outbreak of the Civil War. Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users. OK, close 0. He led the Peninsular Campaign, an attempt to take Richmond, Virginia that didn't work. In doing so, Lee had assumed that the Union army would withdraw to the east toward its existing supply base and McClellan's move to the south delayed Lee's response for at least 24 hours. During that time, President Lincoln grew increasingly frustrated with McClellan's "dilatory" military tactics; the president wanted a man of action to lead the Union against the Rebel forces. Ellen accepted Hill's proposal in 1856, but her family did not approve and he withdrew. He sought the position of Secretary of War in Cleveland's cabinet, but Senator John R. McPherson, who had opposed McClellan for governor in 1877, succeeded in blocking his nomination. Records:591. Numbers vary as to the size of McClellan's force with its paper strength at 87,164, Steven R. Stotelmyer in Too Useful to Sacrifice places it about 60,000 men noting that the 87,000 number includes non-combat soldiers and units not immediately available. The Battle of Williamsburg on May 5 is considered a Union victory—McClellan's first—but the Confederate army was not destroyed and a bulk of their troops were successfully moved past Williamsburg to Richmond's outer defenses while the battle was waged and for several days thereafter. Am 23. He was buried at Riverview Cemetery in Trenton.[87]. Search results 1 - 25 of 343. Today is November 5, 2017, and on this date, 155 years back, in 1862, Gen. George B. McClellan was relieved of command by President Abraham Lincoln. Relations between the two generals became increasingly strained over the summer and fall. Initially, McClellan was somewhat successful against General Joseph E. Johnston, but the emergence of General Robert E. Lee to command the Army of Northern Virginia turned the subsequent Seven Days Battles into a partial Union defeat. eBook Shop: George B. McClellan Papamoa Press von H. J. Eckenrode als Download. George B. McClellan (1826–1885) Contributed by Tom Clemens. He proposed that his army should be expanded to 273,000 men and 600 guns and "crush the rebels in one campaign". On January 27, Lincoln issued an order that required all of his armies to begin offensive operations by February 22, Washington's birthday. "[99], While McClellan's reputation has suffered over time, especially over the later half of the 20th century, there is a small but intense cadre of Civil War historians who believe that the general has been poorly served in at least four regards. He accepted the nomination, won the election, and served a single term from 1878 to 1881, a tenure marked by careful, conservative executive management and minimal political rancor. George Brinton McClellan (* 3. The opposing battle lines on the heights were marked by heavier layers of smoke, and columns of Federal troops were visible winding their way up the mountainside, each column ... looking like a 'monstrous, crawling, blue-black snake' ... McClellan posed against this spectacular backdrop, sitting motionless astride his warhorse Dan Webster with his arm extended, pointing Hooker's passing troops toward the battle. In the battle of Malvern Hill, he was on a gunboat, the USS Galena, which at one point was ten miles (16 km) away, down the James River. Despite its acclaim by many historians, the order gave McClellan little he did not already know. (1826–1885), Civil War general.McClellan was born to a wealthy family in Philadelphia; at the age of fiftee… Union Army, The Union army grew steadily throughout the war, from 186,751 in July 1861 to 1,000,516 in May 1865. [71] Stotelmyer, however, believes that McClellan's reserve pool was far smaller than previously thought. McClellan claimed he could not trust anyone in the administration to keep his plans secret from the press, and thus the enemy. McClellan worked for months on a lengthy report describing his two major campaigns and his successes in organizing the Army, replying to his critics and justifying his actions by accusing the administration of undercutting him and denying him necessary reinforcements. Gen. John Gibbon, and said, "Here is a paper with which if I cannot whip Bobbie Lee, I will be willing to go home." The son of American Civil War general and presidential candidate George B. McClellan, he was the 93rd Mayor of New York City, serving from 1904 to 1909. [82], McClellan was appointed chief engineer of the New York City Department of Docks in 1870. The General took the gentle hands which were offered to him with many a kind and pleasing remark, and heard and answered the many remarks and compliments with which the people accosted him. Lee divided his forces into multiple columns, spread apart widely as he moved into Maryland and also maneuvered to capture the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Rumors traveled through the capital that McClellan might resign, or instigate a military coup, if Scott were not removed. It was the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater. Unlike some of his fellow Union officers who came from abolitionist families, he was opposed to federal interference with slavery. Scott (as well as many in the War Department) was outraged that McClellan refused to divulge any details about his strategic planning, or even such basic information as the strengths and dispositions of his units. Such a villain as he is ought to bring defeat upon any cause that employs him. McClellan also developed a disdain for volunteer soldiers and officers, particularly politicians who cared nothing for discipline and training. In the course of a disagreement about defensive forces on the Potomac River, McClellan wrote to his wife on August 10: "Genl Scott is the great obstacle—he will not comprehend the danger & is either a traitor, or an incompetent. George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a general and politician who ran for president and lost in 1864. I have all the plans of the rebels, and will catch them in their own trap if my men are equal to the emergency. But all of these opportunities were impossible, given the opposition within the administration and the knowledge that McClellan posed a potential political threat. His military command style, however, put him at odds with President Abraham Lincoln, and would ultimately upset his military and political fortunes. He was very popular with his men, despite having a number of serious shortcomings as a commander. [107] While this vessel is sometimes said to be named after the General, it was actually named after his son, who was Mayor of New York City, when the vessel was launched. The second would use the same force to drive south instead, crossing the Ohio River into Kentucky and Tennessee. George Brinton McClellan, Jr., son of the famous Union General George B. McClellan, graduated in 1886 at Princeton (from which he received the degree of LL.D. : Westholme Publishing, 2015. [9] He was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. ... Well, one of these days history will I trust do me justice. A major contributing factor in this decision was McClellan's failure to pursue Lee's Army following the tactically inconclusive but strategic Union victory at the Battle of Antietam outside Sharpsburg, Maryland. [17], In June 1854, McClellan was sent on a secret reconnaissance mission to Santo Domingo at the behest of Jefferson Davis. Like other observers, though, McClellan did not appreciate the importance of the emergence of rifled muskets in the Crimean War, and the fundamental changes in warfare tactics it would require.[19]. & demoralized army, but he contracted typhoid fever and could not attend 's father U.S.! 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