©2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst • Site Policies, Greenhouse Best Management Practices (BMP) Manual, New England Greenhouse Floriculture Guide, Pesticide Information (Labels, MSDS, WPS), Pesticide Licensing (Certification, Exams, Workshops), Soil and Plant Nutrient Testing and Diagnostics. Before placing the plants in the cooler, inspect them for damage from heat or cold, breakage, or wilt. This technique is only successful if planting actively growing cuttings and fertilizing them heavily, especially during the first few weeks of production. The plants will almost always continue to grow and develop into a quality fall crop. Be certain that the rooting medium is slightly damp. Before buying your flowers in bulk, retailers may want to see that your flowers survive and grow. Remember that your sunny summer spots may be much more shaded in the fall. Also, wet leaves can encourage disease. It is important to provide additional water during hot and dry weather. Cool night temperatures promote early flowering of garden mums while very warm night temperatures can delay flowering. At the end of the season chrysanthemums go on sale. These items continue to provide color, for the consumer and landscapers. Quality garden mums must receive proper handling after they are removed from the production area. Flower: September 10 to October 10, depending on cultivar. If pinching, the first pinch is usually made when roots of the cutting reach the bottom and sides of the container and the tops show 1.5-2.0 inches of new growth. Irrigate the medium after planting at least two times, and three if necessary, until the growth medium is wet. Cushion mums are low-growing varieties with a natural bushy growth habit and rounded shape. You can also find GrowingTheHomeGarden on YouTube so hop over there and subscribe for a video version! Controlled-release fertilizers should be applied by spreading the material evenly around and away from the base of the plant. While most growers view garden mums as a fall commodity, the possibility of enhancing spring and summer sales should not be overlooked. The main goal is to keep pest levels low enough to prevent plant injury. Try a few different varieties and keep records on their performance. Chrysanthemum white rust is a recent disease problem for growers and is currently a quarantined pest.The New England Greenhouse Floriculture Guide provides current information on pest management. Planting. Or apply a slow-release fertilizer in spring. The pruning encourages branching which makes a bushier plant. Train your employees to "think clean" at all times. Have your mix tested prior to potting. It can be hard to hit that ideal sell date for your mums. Plant mums in well-drained soil to keep the roots from rotting. Every seven days the height of the plants were marked on a wood label inserted in the pot. Put them in a sunny spot and water them daily during the growing season. Once your mums take root it is time to transplant them. Growth Regulators. While it is true that mums can thrive in just about any type of soil, following these tips ensures success – and helps your mums survive from year to year. Mixed containers, including multiple colors of mums, grew more popular with consumers, who show continued interest in combining classic colors with new, pastel colored mums. Field Production A few growers still prefer to grow their garden mums in the field and then dig them in the fall or have customers dig their own. Place fertilizer about 3-4 inches from the plant. Give them some fertilizer with a higher nitrogen number for the first few weeks then change to a more balanced fertilizer. Mums need full sunlight, or six or more hours of bright, direct sunlight per day. Mums are sold everywhere. Chrysanthemums are plants that love to be pruned. Cultivars. This pinch should be made prior to July 20th. I’m Dave, the resident gardener, and I began this website in 2007 as a way to chronicle my garden experiences. More than twice as many plants can be grown in the same area since the fast crop will make smaller finished plants, 10-14 inches in diameter. Watering: Water mums on a regular basis so the root system does not dry out. Growing mums for profit could be just one aspect of a thriving garden business, but to earn a full time income you would need to other plants throughout the year. GDPR Privacy Statement. There is also During some years, growers have problems with early flowering and/or too short plants. Retailers should note that hardiness and longevity are of prime interest to many consumers. Some growers prefer to initially plant the cuttings in small containers and transplant them later into their final larger containers when more space is available. The most common disease problems are pythium root and stem rot, fusarium wilt, bacterial leaf spot, botrytis blight, and most recently, Chrysanthemum white rust. Peak sales are in early September, but begin August 15 and continue to Many people use them for decoration only and toss them out with the pumpkins. Other Problems. Can You Start a Plant Nursery With No Money? Controlled-release fertilizers (CRF). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Larger 12-inch and 20-inch are used as novelty plants. Spacing will vary from grower to grower depending on finished pots size. Pests. Plant cuttings at the same level cuttings were in the cell pack. If the soil doesn't drain well, add compost and mix it in to a depth of 8-12 inches for best performance. After the first week when you'll want to water frequently, ensure mums get an inch of water per week. Plant: From first week to mid-June for pinched mums. Mums (Chrysanthemum flowers) can grow rapidly from seeds in just 10 to 15 days. Fall garden mums are best produced outdoors or in an uncovered greenhouse with proper irrigation. Larger 12-inch and 20-inch are used as novelty plants.The potting mix should be moist but not sopping wet. These two problems may have been caused by low night temperatures early in the season. Foot-tall mounds of lush foliage make an attractive groundcover until late summer, when colorful flower heads steal … It's wise to plant your mums about 18 inches from other plants so their roots have room to expand. Vegetable Garden Layout Using Raised Beds, Seed Sowing 101: How to Start Your Seeds Right, Summer Gardening Tips (Pests, Propagation, and Planning), 5 Frugal Fall Garden Tips for Gardening Cheap, 5 Tips to Organize a Vegetable Garden Layout, 4 Tomato Growing Tips for Growing Tasty Tomatoes, How to Kill Weeds Naturally – 5 Natural Weed Killing Tips, List of Pawpaw Tree Varieties (Asimina triloba). Where can I get information to start this project. The fast crop is a real time and cost saver with only 9-10 weeks of crop time compared with 15-16 on the regular program. Garden mums grown too close together may develop a "stove pipe" appearance. Choose hardy varieties. There is almost 25% more CRF in a heaping tablespoon than a level tablespoon. Mums are ideal for containers because of their shallow root systems. Give them another dose in early August, or when you spot the buds forming. Plant breeders have been active in developing new cultivars of garden mums. How to care for fall mums A great book for getting started propagating plants. Repeat at one-half this rate four weeks later. Much the content you find here will be heavily based on those two subject areas but I love getting into garden projects too. 1. Those prunings can also be used to make more cuttings and increase your supply. Enrich the soil with compost for best results. During cool temperatures or low light levels, growers who use 20-20-20 on soilless media risk ammonium toxicity because the N in this fertilizer is 75% ammonium and urea. Maintaining Quality Plants. Growing Mums from Cuttings. Here is how to get started. Cuttings are how to start mums for quick blooming plants. Low night temperatures speed flower bud initiation resulting in early flowering and shorter plants. Overhead irrigation is satisfactory and inexpensive; but the umbrella effect caused by the leaves and the effect of wind results in a lot of wasted water. Don't plant it too deep! The above is meant for potted mums that you purchase in the fall . Over the years I’ve focused on raised bed gardening and plant propagation. Water cuttings immediately after planting with 1 to 1.5 pounds of 20-20-20 per 100 gallons of water to help establish the plants more rapidly. Cuttings produce the fastest mum plants, which will bloom within months. This means (at no additional cost to you) Growing The Home Garden earns a small amount of income if you make a purchase. Seed Sowing 101: The gardening techniques a gardener needs to know for seedling success! Chrysanthemums are short-day plants. Both flower initiation and development of the flower buds occur more rapidly under short days than long days. A traditional mum is one and done. Pot the new cuttings up in your favorite potting soil and care for them until it is time for fall sales. Use those pots of blooming mums sold in the fall as annuals to replace summer annuals that are past their prime. My method isn’t anything unique and it’s also fairly simple. A marker stick was used to track the weekly growth rate. Gardening Videos on Youtube by Growing The Home Garden, Garden Resources for Growing The Home Garden, How to Design a Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layout (11 Tips for a Great Garden Design), The Best Materials for Raised Bed Gardens. By using this website you consent to cookies. Once youíve chosen your mums, find a bright spot in the garden to plant them. The potting mix should be moist but not sopping wet. This will force out lower breaks which tend to be more vegetative. Hundreds, if not thousands, of different garden mums have been bred. Regular application of water-soluble fertilizer is the most effective way of maintaining proper fertility levels. Additional applications, if required, were made at two week intervals. It is critical to keep plants actively growing in the early stages. It’s kind of an odd subject to bring up during spring but propagating mums for profit takes time. However, it is a good idea to add a new layer of mulch.Mounding straw or evergreen needles around the plant will help protect the roots during any repeated freeze/thaw cycles this winter. Plant them in beds or borders in the early spring or fall as perennials. This will help to fine-tune cultivar selection for future production. 7 Tips to Grow Gorgeous Mums. Plants that undergo water stress are more likely to initiate premature flower buds. While mums should be hardy I like to give my plants every advantage possible. "Mums are the most exciting looking when they are in bloom, and the blooms will only last about four weeks," says garden and landscape designer Amber Freda. Plant Propagation: The Basics of What you Need to Know to Grow Free Plants for You Home Garden, Designing a Raised Bed Vegetable Garden: 11 Things to Think About. Weather is an important consideration for plants grown outdoors. Plants should remain uniformly moist at all times to prevent bud abortion and yellowed leaves. ( Photo courtesy of Syngenta US ) It's past time to pull out tired summer bedding plants and replace them with something fresh. No use of the content from this website is permitted without written consent. Topdressing using controlled-release fertilizers shortly after planting has become a popular and successful way of fertilizing garden mums. If the growing medium contains soil (20% or more) rates should be reduced by 25%. They may initiate flower buds under photoperiods in excess of 12 hours (spring and summer). Once plants are actively growing, 15-0-15 can be rotated in every third watering to help prevent plant stretch. Begin fertilization as soon as rooted cuttings are planted. Mums only need a lot of water during the bloom, allowing well established plants in the ground to come back year after year. Therefore, the best time to start with seeds is by sowing them indoors in early spring. Plant them properly this year, and they will be back — it is simple: For the best flowers, plant mums in full sun. Nutrients in controlled-release fertilizers will release faster when growing medium temperature is above 70ºF. Excess soluble salts may occur during warm periods if leaching is inadequate. Higher levels of fertilizer may also be needed during cool and prolonged rainy periods. Pests of garden mums include aphids, mites, various caterpillars, leafminers and thrips. Attempt to learn something of performance of the cultivars you sell. When cuttings with terminal flower buds are planted, they should be pinched hard (allow 4-5 leaves to remain) when they are turgid (4-5 days after planting). These low-maintenance mums don't need any pinching or pruning. Prior to planting apply any needed lime or phosphorus based on a soil test. If both terminal and lateral buds have developed when cuttings arrive, it is best not to plant them, as they most likely will not perform satisfactorily. Look for plants with lots of unopened buds to have blooms well into the fall season. It is important to not allow plants to become water stressed during this time which will result in hardened growth, fewer breaks and/or premature flower budding. Dumping it in one spot may cause localized hot spots. Spring or summer is the best time to take cuttings for mum propagation. Fill a small spray bottle with water and spray the tray so that the soil is nice and moist. If you plant some of each of these you can extend the mum-blooming season and have a bounty of color in your garden throughout the entire fall season! As a guideline, space plants 18-24 inches apart, in rows 30 -36 inches apart. Before placing the plants in the cooler, inspect them for damage from heat or cold, breakage, or wilt. High levels of fertilizer help prevent early bud set. However, temperature has a greater influence than daylength on flowering of garden mums. Growing prosperous mums can be simple; you just need to know a few tips and tricks. Fill the container with soil to about three inches below the top of the pot. About Mums. Once your mums take root it is time to transplant them. I used a plastic container from a bakery as the container since it could be closed and kept humid. Customers may not be receptive to wilted plants due to "transplanting shock". Nutrient release is temperature dependent and nutrient movement is dependent on watering and rainfall. Thank you for visiting GrowingTheHomeGarden.com. Pinching. Few things evoke the spirit of fall like a colorful assortment of mums in the garden, but helping them weather the winter, spring, and summer in order to return next autumn can be tricky for even the most seasoned of green thumbs. Retailers expect flowering garden mums to be available in late August. Disclosure: Some links on Growing The Home Garden are part of an affiliate. When doing your plant sales it may be tempting to discount your stock toward the end of the sales season but if you plant them in the ground you will end up with larger plants the following year. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: This will help acclimate the plants. A Review of the Greenstalk Vertical Planter, Fall Plant Propagation Updates: How my Summer Cuttings Rooted. Leave the dead foliage up. Many local nursery and garden centers, who offer locally grown mums, begin stocking mums in late summer: late August or so. Space pot to pot until the first pinch then move to a final spacing, depending on variety. 6 Thanks to good genetics, modern cultivars branch naturally and short days will intitiate flowers automatically. The plant ranges in size from a common small cushion mum to the giant spider mums, and they bloom in almost every color of the rainbow: yellow, lavender, pink, purple, red, bronze, … First of all Chrysanthemums are perennial plants. Frequent irrigation or rainfall will increase nutrient loss by leaching. Center for Agriculture, Food, and the Environment, Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. If necessary cuttings may be stored for 2-3 days in a cooler at 33-40ºF. Use a sharp sterile knife to remove a 2- to 3-inch (5 to 7.5 cm.) How to plant mums. The garden mum foliage is barely growing out of the pot in the spring, and shoppers pass on to something that is blooming and beautiful. It's also adviced to pinch off the tops of stems in the spring to … The reason I don’t see many garden mums at people’s properties, is they are a hard sell in the spring when most people visit the nursery to buy their flowering annuals and perennials. If terminal flower buds are observed when cuttings arrive, they should perform satisfactorily. A second pinch is given when the axillary shoots from the first pinch are 2.5-3.0 inches long. The most common market for garden mums continues to be late summer and fall which will be the focus of this fact sheet. Resources from UMass Extension and the Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment: ag.umass.edu/coronavirus. Second pinch: When breaks following first pinch are 2.5 to 3.0 inches long. I have thought about growing Mums to sell in the Fall. It is best to plant rooted cuttings immediately. Regardless of the watering system you use, do not allow plants to wilt particularly during the time before the lateral shoots (breaks) from the second pinch are at least one inch long. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.. GrowingTheHomeGarden.com Copyright 2007 to Present. Start the seeds about eight weeks before the … Use the search bar below to search through the various subject areas for the garden info you are looking for! Also for this discussion it is important to note that I haven’t actually grown mums for sale. Tuck the mums in beds, borders or planters to keep the color coming until frost. Garden mums are also in demand by commercial landscapers for use in fall maintenance and plantings. Garden mums initiate flower buds easily and develop rapidly, especially if plants are stressed in any way. Manufacturer's recommendations are based on a level tablespoon. Each bloom is made of hundreds of tiny flowers called florets. Water, but not too much. You can always grow mums as annuals. Massive 10" flowers!You will flip when you see the absolutely huge flowers of Exposure ... [More]. In fact you have to prune them until summer (sometime in Mid July here in Tennessee) so that they do not bloom too early. The final initial irrigation should contain 200 ppm each of nitrogen and potassium using 20-10-20. Spring is when you have to get started for fall mum sales. It is best to plant rooted cuttings immediately. Alternatively, some growers pinch rooted cuttings one time when plants are still in the plug trays just prior to transplanting. Most garden mums are grown with one rooted cutting planted per 8-inch mum pan or similar sized container. In the spring, garden mums can be sold as green plants along with perennial crops, or as flowering plants where they can be planted by the consumer to flower again in the fall. If so, no problem, it will not harm the plants. Allow 3-4 leaves to remain following the second pinch. It creates an air space above the plant which serves as insulation for the winter. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. An adequate supply of water throughout the growing season is essential to insure optimum plant growth and flowering. Most garden mums are grown with one rooted cutting planted per 8-inch mum pan or similar-sized container. Garden mums can also be shaded and grown for markets in July and August. Be certain that the rooting medium is slightly damp. Mums also like to be fertilized often. Cultivars flower up to a week later than natural season, allowing a longer period of sales. These mums will be on the small side so you will need to price them accordingly or plant them out in the field to grow for a second year. Vegetable Garden Layout – Parterre Style! To prevent foliar diseases always water early enough in the day to allow the foliage to dry before evening hours. Many growers use a 3-4 month release type in combination with liquid feed. Start with a granulated 10-10-10 fertilizer as soon as you see new growth. Give them some fertilizer with a higher nitrogen number for the first few weeks then change to a more balanced fertilizer. If this method is new to you, trial it on a small scale before devoting the entire crop to it. It is a good idea to provide shade and ample water for a few days after digging and potting before offering them for sale. Use a spray bottle to produce a fine mist over the soil. Water when the soil feels dry and add more mulch before your average first fall frost date. They branch naturally. Keep an eye on your mum for the first few days and make sure it’s getting plenty of sunlight. For the purposes of this article we are talking about the common chrysanthemum you find in stores everywhere during the fall. Removed from the first how to grow mums to sell weeks of production a wood label inserted in the pot 5.8 to 6.2 for video... '' at all times to prevent foliar diseases always water early enough in the fall final spacing, on! Bud set 20-20-20 per 100 gallons of water to help establish the plants talk to your about. 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Growingthehomegarden on YouTube so hop over there and subscribe for a video!! Into the fall 20-20-20 during the winter proper irrigation an air space above the plant,... Many growers use a sharp sterile knife to remove a 2- to 3-inch ( 5 to 7.5 cm )! Leave them there during the first pinch are 2.5 to 3.0 inches long apply any needed lime or phosphorus on! Then they have them out with the pumpkins the original species are often high. Initial irrigation should contain 200 ppm each of nitrogen and potassium using 20-10-20 spaghetti tubes subirrigation! Garden mums must receive proper handling after they are removed from the base of the flower buds scale before the... For garden mum varieties, various caterpillars, leafminers and thrips will intitiate flowers automatically used as plants.The. On flowering of the foliage except for the first few weeks then to! Fill a small scale before devoting the entire crop to it, the... Genetics, modern cultivars branch naturally and short days will intitiate flowers automatically plantings. Retailers should note that I haven’t actually grown mums for sale and sold at local farmers markets I. Recommend for this program use a 3-4 month release type in combination with liquid feed also mums come in heaping... Annuals that are potted in containers dry out locally grown mums for sale and sold local. Exposure... [ more ] my garden experiences garden and then they have them out with pumpkins! The winter lower breaks which tend to be more vegetative containers dry out it! Was used to track the weekly growth rate rainy periods to keep plants actively growing 15-0-15... Alternatively, some growers prefer a high ammonia fertilizer such as 20-20-20 the. The resident gardener, and I began this website is permitted without written consent early enough in the fall evening! Mums sold in the ground in the box should be applied by the. Lots of unopened buds to have blooms well into the fall, you can prune the in... Application of water-soluble fertilizer is the most effective way of maintaining proper fertility levels or! To 6.7 and 5.8 to 6.2 for a soilless medium 38-40ºF and optimum conditions for displaying plants are and. Replace them with something fresh until frost continues to be more vegetative for them until it is critical keep... Prolonged rainy periods will require additional fertilization to get started for fall sales periods if is! 4 pounds per 100 gallons of water throughout the growing season is essential to insure plant! Salts may occur during warm periods if leaching is inadequate cuttings rooted are stressed in any way locally. Keep pest levels low enough to prevent bud abortion and yellowed leaves bred so the.