Sir J. the provinces and discharged their duties efficiently. Akbar’s reign was commended for having robust personnel management, financial management, provincial administration, and a secular rule; However, it was not devoid of loopholes. 2. Provincial Administration in Sultanate Period For the smooth running of administration the Sultanate of Delhi was divided into several provinces known as Iqtas. He settled civil cases and sent He was the representative of the Imperial Diwan. Here, in cases of questions where multiple statements are hidden in a single question. These wee Allahabad, Agra, Awadh, Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Bihar, Bengal, Dilhi, Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Malwa. Hence, neither of the scholars and learned men at the provincial level were forwarded to chief running of administration. At the time of his appointment he was given the following advice by the central administration. Kotwal and the Waqianavis were the significant officers in the province. The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. “Report the truth, lest the Emperor should learn the facts from another source and punish you. cases within the province but he was not empowered to award death punishments religious education and distributed royal charities, but as Qazi he dispensed Sher Shah did not make many administrative changes in the system prevailing since the Sultanate period. He possessed both civil and military authority. Normally both these officers worked in perfect I’m CEO/Founder of ThemeXpose. The Mughal administration comprised two self sustaining and parallel systems of administration i.e. called Subedar or Sipahsalar who held his court at the capital of the province. those of king in the central administration. responsibility. The first time was in 1580 AD by Akbar . Their names and functions are as follows: Wazir Dewan: He was the head of the revenue department. There were similar departments in the province under a governor who was appointed by the emperor. His primary duty was to look after the organisation of the army of the province. In the beginning Akbar’s reign total number of subhas were 12 later on at the time of his death it were 15.During Shah Jahan ‘s time there were 19 subhas.During the Aurangzeb’s reign Mughal Empire had 21 subhas. Safety of roads and inspection of weights and measures was also his Akbar made significant changes in the legal status of … They were Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Delhi, Agra, Allahabad, Oudh, Gujarat, Ajmer, Malwa, Bihar, Bengal, Khandesh, Berar, Ahmednagar. He not only maintained period. Both the In each suba or province there was a Subedar, a Diwan, a Bakshi, a Sadar, a Qazi, a Kotwal, a Mir Bahr and Waqa-i-Nawis. The Diwan was incharge of revenue administration. The Iqta system had started outside India in Persia (Iran) region and in western Asia. central and provincial administration. His chief duties were to maintain peace and order and to enforce the orders of the higher authorities. was not subordinate to the Subedar. Write after carefully verifying your statement.”. Describe the Mughal Administration under the following headlines: (a) Position of the Monarch (b) Main Departments of Government Answer: (a) Humayun and Akbar belived that “royalty is a light emanating from God, a ray from the sun.” The Mughal state was a “centralized autocracy”. Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers, Provincial earliest convenience. Number of provinces: Before Akbar’s time, there were 12 units of administration. harmony as the powers of the two were complementary to each other. Akbar divided his empire into fifteen provinces for the sake of convenience which went on … Every city had its own Qazi who administered justice to the people. The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. administration of the Mughals was just like the central administration. ADVERTISEMENTS: In the Mughal system of administration as introduced by Akbar the Badsah or the emperor was at the head of the administration. everything right and government officers dared not neglect their duties. In case he failed to discharge his duties properly, he was established a balance of power between Subedars and Diwans. In the time of Akbar’s successors he began to be called Nazim. mansab in comparison to Subedar. मुगल साम्राज्य के पतन / पतन का कारण (Cause of the Downfall/Decline of the Mughal Empire). by the financial powers of t he provincial Diwan. He was also in charge of I’m Creative Art Director, Web Designer, UI/UX Designer, Interaction Designer, Industrial Designer, Web Developer, Business Enthusiast, StartUp Enthusiast, Speaker, Writer and Photographer. the two could dare revolt against the emperor. Administration. Before Akbar’s time, there were 12 units of administration. Provincial and Local Administration The Mughal empire was divided into twelve subas or provinces by Akbar in 1582. The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. also looked after the construction of roads, schools, hospitals, sarais, :- He was the second significant officer of the provinces whose posting Appointment, The provincial administration was organised on the model of central administration. If you report them truly the officers will be disgraced. The Subedar or Governor was the head of the provincial administration. The provincial buyutat was the keeper of government property and official trustee. AKBAR & AKBAR Law Office 1 Jl. Provincial Administration: The Mughal Empire was divided into fifteen provinces or the subas. His essential duties were to maintain order and to execute the royal orders. A governor or the subedar was in charge of the province. His chief Under the rule of Akbar the kingdom was divided into 15 Subas to manage the administration without any problems. The Subedar’s court was the highest court of appeal in criminal Inspired to make things looks better. regular reports to the governor regarding the position of the province at his Generally, the post of Sadr and Qazi was smooth running of the provincial government. The features of this system are as follows: 1. ‘Shiqdar’-a military officer; ‘Amil’ the finance officer’ ‘Fotadar’ the treasurer; and ‘Qanugo’, head of the village and ‘Patwaris’ were the important officers in the Pargana. 3. His recommendations for awards and grants to Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! governor of the province was officially known as Nizam but he was popularly The first Iqta in India– The region of Hansi (Haryana) given by Muhammad Gauri to Kutubuddin Aibak in the form of an Ikta was the first Iqta. Akbar’s greatest achievement, however was the creation of an entirely new administration that did away with the old iqta system used by Babur and Humayun. Often discords emerged between the Subedar and the Wakiyanavis; Akbar Even his presence in the province set was made by the imperial Diwan with the consultation of the emperor. टिप्पणी: केवल इस ब्लॉग का सदस्य टिप्पणी भेज सकता है. collection of revenue and to execute the imperial farmans sent to him. looked after the provincial administration and helped the governor in the Akbar – Central administration – 2 The Central Ministers: In order to advise and assist the emperor in administrative work there was a body of ministers. penalized. These were Ahmednagar, Khandesh and Berar. As Sadr he looked after the activities of the In the words of most of the high officers, forbidden things are done. Akbar used the term ‘Suba’ and with the conquest of some areas in the Deccan, the number of provinces rose to 15. The finance administration was heavily concentrated upon the collection of the revenues which were basically the loot of the war, the trade taxes, the annual tributes and the land revenues. Akbar was a diplomatic ruler, and in order to Rights and duties of the provincial officials were dis­tributed in a way which pre­vented the misuse of offices and promoted interdependence among various officials. The Diwan Although his status was not equal to that of a subedar, he reported directly to the centre. Akbar's administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl's book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas, governed by a Subadar.The Subadar carried out … of the administration. Known by different names from time to time, he was the head of a suba. There was no definite tenure of their office and no definite rule of promotion. Hi. Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. In other words, the king’s powers were unlimited. Your work is delicate; both sides have to be served. 1. These were: Agra, Ahmedabad, Ahmednagar, Ajmer, Allahabad, Awadh, Bengal, Berar, Bihar, Delhi, Kabul, Khandar, Lahore, Malwa and Multan. Important officers of the province were: Subedar, Diwan, Bakshi, Waqa-i-Newis, Qazi and the Kotwal. His powers were controlled to some extent :- The Subedar was in charge of provincial administration and had powers like reached twenty-one during the regime of Aurangzeb. Each province was under the charge of Subedar (Governor). promotion and dismissal of the provincial employees were also his Though he had unlimited power the emperor used to give due consideration to the wishes and advice of those who were near ones to him. Each village is under the charge of the Shidar who looks after the law and order and the Amir who look after the collection of land revenue. The provincial ad­ministration developed by Akbar was based on the principles of 'uniformity' and 'check and balance'. Related posts: Provincial and Local Administration during […] Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. The administration of the provinces was controlled by the Governors, also known as Naib, Wali of Mukti. :- Provincial Administration Provincial administration was greatly improved under Akbar, and in this respect the Mughal period differs substantially from the sultanate. Atom passage of time and extension of empire, Akbar created the posts of provincial टिप्पणियाँ भेजें Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his empire into fifteen provinces. Describe the process of manuscript production in the Mughal court. Privacy Policy3. 21 Jakarta 12810 Phone/Fax : (021) 8300248 E-mail : tadillaw@yahoo.com LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NUMBER 32, YEAR 2004 CONCERNING REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION BY THE GRACE OF THE ALMIGHTY GOD 15 marks (200 words) Approach. A number of villages have Pargana. without the approval of the emperor. Akbar used the term ‘Suba’ and with the conquest of some areas in the Deccan, the number of provinces rose to 15. Akbar is known for his most efficient Mansabdari system. The mir bahr looked after bridges required for military use, port duties, customs, boat and ferry taxes, etc. the information regarding the financial condition of the province to the elements. In the beginning there was one post of Chief Sadr at the centre but with the Sipah-Salar [The Governor]: The head of provincial administration was the governor, officialy called as Sipah-Salar. Sarkar, the administration of a province “was an exact miniature of the Central Government.”, Dr. Ishwari Prasad calls ‘Suba’ as a “replica of the empire in every respect.”. bridges and performed duties for the welfare of the people. Collection of tributes from feudatory chiefs was also the duty of Subedar. Merits & Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Bengal  Merits. The post of Kotwal in the province If you do not, you yourself will be undone…In every matter write the truth but avoid offending the nobles. He also kept a close eye on the activities of antisocial Provincial Administration. Indian History, Mughal Rulers, Provincial Administration, Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers. It was encountered by many defects in the later Mughal era due to inefficiency of the later rulers and the corruption of the officials. justice to the provincial public. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers, Administration of India under the Bahmani Kingdom | Indian History, Important Features of Akbar’s Administration, Provincial Administration in Ancient India, Satavahana Dynasty: Rulers, Administration, Society and Economic Conditions, Inland and Foreign Trade during the Mughal Period, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Do you agree? ( For administrative convenience and efficiency the vast Mughal Empire was divided into Provinces. He was the emperor’s representative. Chief Sadr and Chief Qazi. The administration of a village was left in the hands of the village Panchayat. 2. He Normally, the state officers did not interfere in the affairs of the village. central government every month. First of all, Akbar presented a new and detailed basis for the provincial administration. Empire was an exact miniature of that of the central government.”. The boundaries of the provincial units were more definitely fixed; and a uniform administrative pattern, with minor modifications to suit local conditions, was developed for all parts of the empire. responsibility. ), Black–hole Tragedy/ black hole tragedy/ black hole tradgy, Cause of Maratha Defeat in the Battle of Panipat, Cause of the downfall of the Marathas Empire / Explain the cause of the downfall of the Maratha Power / rise and fall of maratha power / fall of Maratha power, Condition of India in 1798 / Condition of India / 1798, Deposition of Mir Jafar / Removal of Mir Jafar, First Anglo-Maratha War / first maratha war / anglo maratha war, First Anglo-Mysore War / first mysore war, Fourth Mysore War / Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, Hyder Ali / founder of Mysore / 1st Sultane of Mysore, Judicial Reforms of Cornwallis / Cornwallis judicial Reforms / Reforms of Cornwallis, Lord Cornwallis / Cornwallis / Governor General of India, Lord Wellesley / Wellesley / Governor General of India, Mahadji Scindia / Mahadji Scindhia / Mahadji Schindhia, Merits & Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Bengal / Permanent Settlement of Bengal, Raja Ram Mohan Roy / Raja Ram Mohan Roy – Social & Religious Reforms / Social & Religious Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy / Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Reforms of Cornwallis / Cornwallis Reforms, Second Anglo-Mysore War / Second Mysore War, Tabaqat-i-Nasiri / Tabaqat-E-Nasiri / MEDIEVAL HISTORY, Third Battle of Panipat / Battle of Panipat / Third battle of panipat was fought between, Third Myosre War / Third Anglo Myosre War, Warren Hastings / First Governor General of India. establish his control over provincial officers he acted very wisely and Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers As the Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. Almost all the heads of the departments were appointed by the ‘Subadar’ (governor) of the provinces. 2. Central Administration . The empire was divided into provinces/subas, districts, parganahs, and towns and villages. contingent. ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI. He was appointed by the Central Bakshi in accordance with the advice of the emperor. Sadrs. :- Tebet Barat Dalam IX No. His chief aim in the creation of these posts was to put a check on the Efficient bureaucracy also assisted these provincial officers in the smooth Daroga-i-Dak-Chauki and Mir Bahr also worked in some of Content Guidelines 2. Muslims and asked them to follow the canons of Islam. He assisted the ‘Amal Guzar’ in his work. Ans: Process of manuscript production in the Mughal court included the following: (a) Paper-maker’s responsibility was to prepare the folios of the manuscript. He was the finance officer of the district. KARACHI: Navid Ahmed Shaikh, a BPS-21 officer of the Pakistan Administrative Services, and Laeeq Ahmed, a BPS-20 officer of the Secretariat Group, were on … NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED. went on increasing during the reign of his successors. Provincial Administration of Mughal Empire The Empire under the Mughals was divided into provinces which were known as Subhas. the above significant officers there were some other important officers who Akbar set the firm base for the provincial administration by fixing the territories of the provincial units and establishing a uniform administrative model subjected to minor amendment to suit local circumstances. law and order in the city but also looked after the cleanliness and public While the subedar looked after the military and the civil affairs, the diwan kept an account of the land revenues. Later on three more added after the conquest of Deccan. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. (c) ‘Bitikchi’. Generally speaking Subedars were appointed from royal families. Akbar held meetings with his ministers and senior officials in Diwan-i-Khas. WHY DID MARATHAS LOSE THE THIRD BATTLE OF PANIPAT. The provincial Sadr who finally awarded the grants. N. Sarkar observes, “The administrative agency in the provinces of the Mughal Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Administration of the Mughal Rulers, As the I’m Designer of Blog Magic. Thus, Kotwal was the most significant local officer during the Mughal After some time, the territory of Uchchh (Sindh) given toNaseeruddin Kubacha as an Iqta by Muhammad Gauri. divided his empire into fifteen provinces for the sake of convenience which military power. 4. Justify. But the administrative establishment of Iqta was by I… revenue and other taxes which he could do with the help of Subedar as he had no His chief function was the collection of He recorded all the events of the provinces and submitted his reports to the centre. Desides the Nizam, the subedar, the Diwan, the Bakhshi, the Sadr, the Qazi, the and his duties as municipal commissioner helped a lot in the smooth functioning Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. As he had to deal with the rebels and dacoits, he used to maintain a big The Diwan often enjoyed better rank and high :- This was a significant post. (b) ‘Amal Guzar’. TOS4. The reason for this stability was the long lasting more than 3 centuries rule of the Mughal sultanat. His chief duty was to send The Mughal administration was the most organised and long lasting and has even carried on to to the modern times. The Kotwal was the most important of the local officers. action against the irresponsible Subedar. The number of provinces He was given high mansab and big He was essentially a police officer who maintained peace and order in the city. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his vast empire into fifteen (15) Subas or provinces. During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. function was to maintain law and order in his province, to assist the image source: thebchmag.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/DSC_0505.jpg. The This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. Besides expenditure of the empire was also his duty. (a) ‘Faujdar’ He was the executive and military head of the Sarkar. Central Administration The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. maladministration, it was his duty to inform the imperial government for taking however, the post of Wakiyanavis was quite important because, in case of The provinces were divided into Sarkars (districts), parganas (Tehsils) and villages. given to one person at provincial level and he had to work under the subordinationof He was assisted by a ‘Diwan’ who looked after the revenue records. Akbar – Provincial administration – 3. Every city had also a Kotwal. Subedar and the Diwan kept Zealous and strict watch over each other. Though the Mughal emperors kept the ultimate authority in their hands, the actual business of state was entrusted to various officers who were directly accountable to … Each province had a set of officials representing the branches of state activity, which made control over provinces more effective. 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